[2016] Stacy Opp: The Crusades

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[2016] Stacy Opp: The Crusades

The Crusades

The first Crusade began in 1096 A.D. and lasted until 1099 A.D. A preacher named Peter the Hermit commanded the group called the "People's Crusade." They went to the Byzantine Empire causing destruction and did not wait for the other Crusaders. Turkish forces crushed the invaders. Another group of Crusaders massacred the Jews causing problems with Jewish-Christian relations. When the main Crusaders arrived Alexius tried to make them take an oath of loyalty which everyone except one group denied. The Crusaders captured the Syrian city of Antioch and continued their journey to Jerusalem slaughtering hundreds of people along the way.

The Crusaders moved from home to govern their new territory. Around 1130 A.D., Muslim forces advanced in their war against the Christians conquering some of the new territory. Christian authorities called for another Crusade. The second Crusade began in 1147. It was led by King Louis VII of France and King Conrad III of Germany. The Turks defeated Conrad's forces but when the King's reassembled their armies at Jerusalem they conquered the Muslims. The second Crusade ended in 1149 A.D.

In 1187, Saladin of Egypt attacked the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. He destroyed the Christian army and took a large amount of territory including the city. This caused major outrage and the third Crusade began in 1189 A.D. King Richard I of England defeated Saladin and reestablished Christian control in some of the lost territory as he continued towards Jerusalem. In 1192 A.D., King Richard and Saladin signed a peace treaty reestablishing the Kingdom of Jerusalem and ending the third Crusade.

Background The Crusades developed from the Christians' struggle with Islam. The Byzantine Empire was losing territory/control to the Turks. In 1095 Alexius, the Emperor, asked the Pope for assistance which was granted when he commanded Western Christians to aid the Byzantines in recapturing the Holy Land from Muslim control.

Works CitedBeaumont, Doug. Crusades. Digital image. Strange Notions. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Feb. 2016.Brunken, Mr. Crusades Map. Digital image. Happy Kids School. N.p., 2 Nov. 2012. Web. 16 Feb. 2016."Crusades." History.com. History.com, 2010. Web. 16 Feb. 2016."The Crusades: A Concise Overview for Students." YouTube. YouTube, 23 Dec. 2014. Web. 16 Feb. 2016.


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