[2013] Michael Cavanagh: The Computer Inside and Out

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Computer Science

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[2013] Michael Cavanagh: The Computer Inside and Out

The Computer Inside and Out

CPU- part of a computer in which operations are controlled and executed

ROM- memory read a t high speed but not capable of being changed by program instructions

RAM- an integrated circuit memory chip allows information to be stored or accessed in any order and all storage locations are equally accessible

Hard Drive- high-capacity, self- contained storage device containing a read-write mechanism plus one or more hard disk, inside a sealed unit

Motherboard- a printed circuit board containing the principal components of a computer or other device, with connectors into which other circuit boards can be slotted

Processor- carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetical, logical, and input/output operations of the system

Video Card- a printed circuit board controlling output to a display screen

Sound Card- a device that can be slotted into a computer to allow the use of audio components for multimedia applications

Monitor- instrument or device used for observing, checking, or keeping a continuous record of a process or quantity

Mouse- a hand-operated electronic device that controls the coordinates of a cursor on your computer screen as you move it around on a pad

Keyboard- a data input device for computers

Expansion Slots- a place in a computer where an expansion card can be inserted

Fan- any fan inside, or attached to, a computer case used for active cooling, and may refer to fans that draw cooler air into the case from the outside

USB Ports- an industry standard developed in the mid-1990s that defines the cables, connectors and communications protocols used in a bus for connection, communication, and power supply between computers and electronic devices

Speakers- are speakers external to a computer, that disable the lower fidelity built-in speaker

Modem- combined device for modulation and demodulation, between the digital data of a computer and the analog signal of a telephone line

Scanner- a device for examining, reading, or monitoring something, in particular

Printer- a peripheral which makes a representation of an electronic document on physical media

Microphone Port- is a common family of connector typically used for analog signals, primarily audio

Network Port- application-specific or process-specific software construct serving as a communications endpoint in a computer's host operating system

Serial Port- a connector by which a device that sends data one bit at a time may be connected to a computer

CD/DVD Drive- used to install software and a CD-RW drive allows you to create your own CDs

Michael Cavanagh10/18/131st

Tower- a personal computer in a form intended for regular use at a single location


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