The Coming of War

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Social Studies
American History

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The Coming of War

Battle of TippecanoeWilliam Henry Harrison, the governor of the Indiana territory, watched Tecumseh's activities with alarm. He was convinced Tecumseh had British Backing. When Harrison met Tecumseh, he urged the Chief to follow the Treaty of Greenville. However, Tecumseh did not comply.

Violations of NeutralityOverseas trade was risky, but it was profitable. Ships had to travel great distances, and they risked capture by pirates. The U.S. sent the U.S.S. Constitution along with other ships to stop the attacks. The pirates were a problem, but the greater threat of war with Britain loomed over the U.S.

TecumsehTecumseh, a Shawnee chief, watched angrily as Native Americans were pushed off their land. He warned other Indians about the dangers they faced from settlers. He believed the Native Americans had to unite against the settlers. He hoped to unite the Native Americans of the South, the northwestern frontier, and the eastern Mississippi Valley.

Non-Intercourse ActCongress tried to revive the nation's trade by replacing the Embargo Act with the Non-Intercourse Act. This new law banned trade only with Britain France, and their colonies. Also, it stated that the U.S. would resume trading with whichever country fiirst stopped violating U.S. neutrality. This law, however, was no more successful than the Embargo Act.

In the West, the British and the Native Americans clashed with the American settlers over land. In the 1800s, Native Americans continued to lose their land as thousands of American settlers came into the region. The land belonged to the U.S. due to the Treaty of Greenville, but Indian leaders protested. The British saw this as an opportunity to slow America's growth, and the began to arm the Native Americans.

Conflict Over Land

The Embargo ActThe U.S. passed the Embargo Act in 1807. This law banned trade with all foreign countries. Great Britain's violations of U.S neutrality sparked the creation of the Act. However, this law was devastating to American merchants, and they lost tons of money.


Uss Constitution-a large warship

Embargo-the banning of trade

Impressmentthe practice of forcing people to serve in the army or navy

War Hawks-young members of Congress taking the lead in declaring war against Britain

Battle of Tippecanoe con.Tecumseh traveled South to ask the Creek nation to join his forces. In his absence, Harrson attacked. He ordered an attack on November 7, 1811. The U.S. forces then defeated Tecumseh and his followers in the Battle of Tippecanoe.

Declaring WarJames Madison was elected president in 1808. He felt growing pressure from the War Hawks, young members of Congress who called for war against Britain. He decided that Congress must vote on war. Months later, Madison was elected to a second term, and he would serve as commander in chief during the War of 1812.


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