The Cold War

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by MrReGlog
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Social Studies
World War II

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The Cold War

Janice AgostoandKatrina Velasco

Several of their agreements played an important role in the Cold War.

The Cold War begins on Febraury 4-11 in the Yalta Conference. The 'Big Three' Franklin D. Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin meet to discuss about the postwar world.

In October, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the first satellite, named Sputnik, to be orbit around the Earth.

•First issue discussed at Yalta was what to do with Poland. After Germany invaded Poland, the Polish government fled to Britain. They liberated Poland from German control; the Soviets encouraged Polish Communists to set up a new government. Now two countries were trying to claim Poland; one non-communist, one communist.•Churchill agreed that the Poles should be free and sovereign. Churchill said “This is what we went to war against Germany for.”•Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed to issue the Declaration of Liberated Europe. The declaration asserted “the right of all people to choose the form of government under which they will live.”•The Allies promised that the people of Europe would be allowed “to create democratic institutions of their own choice.” They also promised to create temporary governments that represented “all democratic elements” and pledged “the earliest possible establishment through free elections of governments responsive to the will of the people.”•Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin agreed to divide Germany into four zones. •The United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union will help the peoples of Europe to do the following:1. Establish peace in their country.2. Provide aid to people in distress.3. Form temporary governments that represents all democratic elements of the society and hold free elections to choose a government that responds to the will of the people.


The reaction in the U.S. and around the world was mixed with both astonishment and fear. There was an "enemy satellite" across the sky over the U.S. At the time, no one knew what it was capable of doing. What U.S. political leaders did know was that if the Soviet Union had rockets powerful enough to launch a satellite, they had rockets powerful enough to launch atomic bombs on the U.S. And so the Space Race was initiated between the Soviets and the U.S.


Berlin, Germany became the center of the Cold War. East met West in this divided city where the Berlin wall was a tangible symbol of the "Iron Curtain"- Winston Churchill. After World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zones administered by four nations: the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. Berlin, located in the Soviet occupation zone which was to become East Germany, was itself similarly divided into four sectors. Communism was instituted in the area controlled by the U.S.S.R. while the governments in the three remaining areas were modeled after the political systems of the West.



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