The Civil War

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by clairethomp
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
American History

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The Civil War

The American Civil War, or as it is known in the United States as the Civil War, was fought from 1861 to 1865. It was defined by military and political figures, deadly battles, nonmilitary political events, all of which altered the course of the nation's history.



Abraham Lincoln (top) and Jefferson Davis (bottom)


The political leaders during the conflict included Abraham Lincoln, the President of the United States who fought to perserve the Union (Abraham Lincoln 2015), and Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederacy whose aim was secession and the formation of an independent nation (Civil War Trust 2014).

Additional Reading 1

Major Battles

Additional Reading 2


Women, such as Harriet Tubman (left) and Clara Barton (right), played significant roles during the Civil War. Tubman, an African-American abolitionist and humanitarian, participated in numerous missions helping friends and family escape slavery through the Underground Railroad (Hariet Tubman 2015). Barton was a pioneer nurse who worked on the front lines providing first aid to soldiers. Following the war, she founded the American Red Cross (Clara Barton 2015).

More than 750,000 people were killed as a result of the conflict (Hacker 2011). Battles were fought in 23 states during the four years of war. Some major battles include: First Bull Run (July 21, 1861)Antietam (September 17, 1862)Seige of Vicksburge (May 18-July 4, 1863)Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863)

Abraham Lincoln (2015, March 22). The website. Retrieved from Civil War Trust (2014). Jefferson Davis. Retrieved from Clara Barton. (2015, March 23). The website. Retrieved from Hacker, D. J. (2011, September 20). Recounting the Dead. The New York Times. Retrieved from Harriet Tubman. (2015, March 23). The website. Retrieved from



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