The Civil Rights Movement

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by JennaRae34
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
African-American History

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The Civil Rights Movement

Nonfiction Unit

1863 - The Emancipation Proclamation is issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in the rebellious Confederate states.1865 - The Thirteenth Amendment is passed abolishing slavery in the United States.1868 - The Fourteenth Amendment is passed guaranteeing all African-Americans the rights of full U.S. citizens.1870 - The Fifteenth Amendment is passed guaranteeing the right to vote for all citizens regardless of race.1896 - The Supreme Court rules that segregation is legal in the Plessy v. Ferguson case using the "separate but equal" argument.1890s - Jim Crow laws become common in many southern states segregating blacks from whites.1909 - The NAACP is founded by African-American leaders such as W.E.B. Du Bois and Ida B. Wells.1947 - Jackie Robinson becomes the first African-American to play major league baseball.1948 - President Harry S. Truman ends segregation in the U.S. armed forces.1954 - The Supreme Court rules that segregation in the schools is unconstitutional in the Brown v. Board of Education case, overturning the earlier ruling in the Plessy v. Ferguson case.1955 - Rosa Parks is arrested for not giving up her seat on the bus. This sparks the Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasts for over a year. Eventually, segregation on the buses in Montgomery comes to an end.1957 - Nine African-American students in Arkansas (nicknamed the Arkansas Nine) attend a previously all-white high school. Army troops are brought in to protect them.1961 - The Freedom Riders protest by riding buses into the segregated southern states challenging their Jim Crow laws.1963 - The Birmingham Campaign takes place in Birmingham, Alabama. Schoolchildren marching in non-violent protest are met with police dogs and fire hoses. Martin Luther King, Jr. is arrested and writes his famous "Letter from Birmingham Jail."1963 - The March on Washington by over 200,000 protesters occurs. Martin Luther King, Jr. gives his "I Have a Dream" speech.1964 - The Civil Rights Act is signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson. It outlaws discrimination based on race, national origin, and gender. It also outlaws segregation and the Jim Crow laws.1964 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.1965 - Marchers in Selma, Alabama are met by police with tear gas. Several marchers are injured and the day is nicknamed "Bloody Sunday."1965 - The Voting Rights Act is signed into law making it illegal to prevent any citizen from voting regardless of race.1965 - Race riots erupt in Watts, California.1965 - President Lyndon Johnson issues an order requiring "Affirmative Action" in hiring minorities for federal government work.1967 - Thurgood Marshall becomes the first African-American Supreme Court Justice.1968 - Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee.2000 - Colin Powell is appointed as the first African-American Secretary of State.2008 - Barack Obama is the first African-American elected President of the United States.

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The Civil Rights Movement

Timeline Timeline

Martin Lunther King Jr.Harriet TubmanRosa ParksMalcom XSojourner TruthNelson MandelaNina Simone Lena Horne Marva Collins W.E.B. Du Bois

Famous Civil Rights Activists

What was the Civil Rights Movement?The civil rights movement was a mass popular movement to secure for African Americans equal access to and opportunities for the basic privileges and rights of U.S. citizenship.

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  • JennaRae34 5 years ago

    JennaRae34's avatar

    This blog was created so that students can be informed about a crucial time in America's history, the Civil Rights Movement. Students will view a video, a timeline, discover names, and complete a writing prompt about the era. Students will see that it is in our schools that we shape, almost unconsciously, the shared sense of identity that makes us all citizens of a common republic. It is in the schools, from kindergarten on, that students imbibe the stories that the country tells itself about itself, about its history, its purpose and develop respectful and ethical minds of all individuals.The civil rights movement is one of the defining events in American history, during which Americans fought to make real the ideals of justice and equality embedded in our founding documents. When students learn about the movement, they learn what it means to be active American citizens. They learn how to recognize injustice. They learn about the transformative role played by thousands of ordinary individuals, as well as