The civil rights movement

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Social Studies
American History

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The civil rights movement

The Civil Rights Movement

1868: July 9- The 14th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified on.1950: Sept.15- The Leadership Conference on Civil Rights is created in Washington, DC to promote the enactment and enforcement of effective civil rights legislation and policy1952: January 28 – Briggs v. Elliott: after a District Court had ordered separate but equal school facilities in South Carolina, the Supreme Court agrees to hear the case as part of Brown v. Board of Education. 1953: June 8- US Supreme Court strikes down segregation in Washington, DC restaurants May 3 – In Hernandez v. Texas, the Supreme Court of the United States rules that Mexican Americans and all other racial groups in the United States are entitled to equal protection under the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution 1955: April 5 - Mississippi passes a law penalizing white students who attend school with blacks with jail and fines. 1958: September 27 – Civil Rights Act of 1957 signed by President Eisenhower October 20 - 13 blacks arrested for sitting in front of bus in Birmingham

~The civil rights movement was a struggle by African Americans in the mid-1950s to late 1960s to achieve civil rights equal to those of whites, including equal opportunity in employment, housing, and education, as well as the right to vote, the right of equal access to public facilities, and the right to be free of racial discrimination.

~Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech on August 28, 1963, at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. His dream represented the dream of millions of Americans demanding a free, equal, and just nation.

~The Civil Rights Movements were trying to restore African American's rights of citizenship guaranteed by the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, which had been eroded by segregationist Jim Crow laws in the South.

Time Line

~The Civil Rights Act is passed in July,1964 which forbid racial discrimination in many areas of life, including hotels, voting, employment, and schools.

An african-american civil rights activist, whom was arrested on December 1, 1955 for refusing to give up her seat for a white man on a bus. She was often called "the first lady of civil rights".

~Northerners who traveled to the south to help blacks register to vote were murdered by the segregationists.


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