The California Gold Rush

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The California Gold Rush

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The California gold feilds were called the Mother Lode

The California Gold RushBy: Sarah Kennedy

People went there to strike it rich, but many came back empty handed.

The people who rushed to the gold feilds in 1849 were called the 49ers.


There were two ways to get to the gold feilds, by land and by sea.

In January 24, 1848, a man named James Marshall discovered gold!

One danger of traveling by land was disease. One danger of traveling by sea was unseaworthy ships.

For intertainment, miners put on plays, they also found a partner, one man dressed like a lady, and danced with each other for fun because there were no women in the gold fields.

There were three tools for mining gold. There was the pan, which you put in the water and the gold stuck to the bottom. There was also a cradle. It was operated by two or three men. The cradle separated the gold from the dirt and rocks. There was also a long tom. It separated the gold from the dirt and rocks.

Miners often got diseases such as malnutrition, cholera, and scurvy.

There were three types of mining. One was coyote mining, the miners dug straight down until bedrock, inserted a shaft, and mined using pickaxes and shovels, but they were often in danger because the shaft could cave in on them. Another type of mining was hydrolic mining. Miners used high powered hoses to find gold in the mountain sides, but it was banned because it destroyed the environment. Another type of mining was panning. Miners got pans and shook the dirt in the river. The peices of gold would stick to the bottom of the pan.


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