[2015] Miranda Connelly: The Bill of Rights

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by chuhtala
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Social Studies
American History

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[2015] Miranda Connelly: The Bill of Rights

Ratified on December 15, 1791


The Bill of RightsThe First AmendmentBy: Miranda

The Bill or rights is the first ten amendments or the Constitution, ratified in 1791. They protect the American's personel liberties that many feared would be weakened under the new Constitution. They continue to do this today.

Amendment I. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

The first amendment was added to the constitution because without it,religious minorities could be persecuted, the government might well establish a national religion, protesters could be silenced, the press could not criticize government, and citizens could not mobilize for social change.

The First Amendment protects the personal rights of the people. these rights are the rights of speech, press, assembly, religion and petition. However, the first amendment does not protect certain types of protesting such as roiting.

In 1943, The State Board of Education required that all all public school students salute the flag and recite the Pledge of Allegiance. Students who did not participate could be expelled; their parents could even lose custody of them. A group of Jehovah's Witnesses challenged the law on First Amendment grounds. They argued that the forced flag salute conflicted with their religious beliefs against idol worship and graven images, and therefore violated their free exercise of religion and freedom of speech rights under the First Amendment.By a 6-3 vote, the Court held that school officials do violate the First Amendment by compelling students to salute the flag and recite the Pledge of Allegiance. They reason this because the First Amendment was added so that people didn't have to say anything they didnt want to. If someone didn't say it, they cound be expelled. That goes against the First Amendment and American Ideals.


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