[2015] Steven Cusimano (Period 2): The Big Three of WWII

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Social Studies
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European history

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[2015] Steven Cusimano (Period 2): The Big Three of WWII

The Big Three of World War II

Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom at the time of World War II. His part began when he first declared war against Germany on September 3, 1939. As mentioned earlier, Churchill also attended Allied meetings in Tehran, Yalta, and Potsdam. During these meetings, he organized most of the war strategies, and groups. He felt the war beginning to brew shortly after he declared war on Germany. Therefore, he delivered a crucial speech to the House of Commons on June 18, 1940. His speech stated that “the Battle of Britain” was about to begin. Throughout the war, the United States was able to assist Britain with both reinforcements, and supplies. This was because Britain, and the United States created the Lend Lease Act, which allowed Britain to order supplies from the United States on credit. Churchill delivered many other speeches as the war progressed. “We shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender” (Churchill, We Shall Fight on the Beaches). This quote came from his, We Shall Fight on the Beaches speech, and demonstrates that he was determined to win the war. Churchill believed greatly in the idea of perseverance. He had many other quotes about pushing through tough times. This significant trait made him quite a valuable ally.

Joseph Stalin was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics from 1929 to his death in 1953. At the start of the war, he signed a Nonaggression Pact with Adolf Hitler. Years later, Germany invaded Russia. Sure enough, Russia was completely unprepared for war. The Battle of Stalingrad, was completely in Germany’s favor. However, the USSR managed to get through the brawl with a victory. Throughout the war, Stalin took part in major Allied conferences including meetings at Tehran and Yalta. The Big Three held these conferences to discuss battle plans, and the post-war world as they see it. Unfortunately, Stalin had a secret that only he knew. He always kept in mind his idea of Russia becoming an expanded Soviet empire, but was still able to play the “loyal ally” everybody knew him as.

By: Steven Cusimano

The Big Three dressed at their finest. They are attending an Allied meeting at Tehran.

Joseph Stalin

Winston Churchill

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt was the President of the United States. His plan was to remain neutral and try not to get involved. However, his idea fell to pieces after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. At that point he became a “war president.” After the bombing, he stopped trusting all Japanese people. He would not even trust Japanese-Americans (Like in Eyes of the Emperor)! Sure enough, Roosevelt also attended the meeting in Yalta. Just like Churchill, Roosevelt gave many speeches during the war. “December 7, 1941. A date that will live in infamy” (Roosevelt, Pearl Harbor Speech). In this quote, the word infamy was originally written as “world history,” but he was outraged at the thought of the event. Therefore, Roosevelt decided to alter his wording.

"Ideas are more powerful than guns. We would not let our enemies have guns, why should we let them have ideas." -Joseph Stalin

"Competition has been shown to be useful up to a certain point and no further, but cooperation, which is the thing we must strive for today, begins where competition leaves off."-Franklin D. Roosevelt

The Cold War:


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