The Bengal Tiger- Endangered Species

by mapleleafgirl
Last updated 5 years ago

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The Bengal Tiger- Endangered Species

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InformationName: The Bengal TigerScientific Name: Panthera tigris tigrisHabitat: Rainforests- high altitude, tropical, and sub-tropical, mangroves, grasslands and junglesLocation: Asia- mostly in India with smaller populations in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar(Burma). Population: Estimated about 440 (Bangladesh), 155, (Nepal), and 75, (Bhutan), with tiger populations elsewhere. The total subspecies population is estimated at fewer than 2,500 tigers (2,376). No subpopulation of tigers are larger than 250.Background: Estimated to have arrived in the Indian subcontinent 12,000 years agoIUCN Status: Endangered

The Bengal Tiger-EndangeredSpecies

Physical Description: The Bengal tiger is considered to be the second-largest in the feline family. It has a yellow or light orange coat, with black or dark brown stripes and a white belly. However, the white tiger is a Bengal/Siberian tiger crossbreed that has mutated genes, meaning that it is white in colour with black or brown stripes.Size: (Average) Head and body, 1.5 to 1.8m long; tail, 0.6 to 0.9m long.

Threats to the Bengal Tigers

1.Illegal Wildlife TradeBengal tigers are hunted for status symbols, decorative items, and folk cures. Poaching is the main international threat to remaining tiger populations.

2.Prey lossThe loss of Bengal tigers' prey is due to habitat degradation because of excessive logging, direct poaching and competition with livestock.

3.Human ConflictAs Bengal tigers continue to lose their prey and habitat, they eventually clash with humans when they are forced to kill livestock to survive. In retaliation, the tigers are usually killed by the villagers.

4.InbreedingIn facilities like zoos, captive tigers have been forced to inbreed, i.e father and daughter, mother and son or siblings are bred together. Over generations, the cubs produced from inbreeding develop multiple physical and health defects. This means that the tigers suffer early deaths, still births or handicaps. The white Bengal tiger is an example of inbreeding and is just a mutation of a Bengal tiger, not a subspecies.

Bengal tiger range

Fact: All white tigers are cross-eyed because the gene that causes their white coat also wires the optic nerve to the wrong side of their brain



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