The Beginning Of The American Revolution

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The Beginning Of The American Revolution

The Beginning of the American Revolution


Sugar Act


Boston Massacre


Tea Act


June, 1775

Coercive Acts

Battle of Bunker Hill

Proclamation of 1763


Stamp Act


Proclamation of 1763 - the Proclamation of 1763 set the Appalachian Mountians as the temporary western boundary for the colonies. The proclamation angered those who owned shares in land companies. These speculators, or investors, had already brought land west of the mountains. They were so furious that Britain ignored their land claims. More conflicts would soon arise between Britain and the colonist.


Boston Tea Party

May, 1775

Second Continental Congress

April, 1775

Battle of Lexington ' Concord

Battle of Lexington and Concord - At dawn the redcoats approache, or moved closer to, Lexington. There they discovered about 70 minutemen who had been alerted by Revere and Dawes. Led by Captain John Parker, the minutemen stood on the town common with muskets in hand. A shot was fired, and then both sides let loose an exchange of bullets. When the fighting ended, eight minutemen lay dead. The British troops continued their march to Concord. They found that most of the miltia's gunpowder had already been removed. They destroyed the remaining supplies. At Concord's North Bridge, waiting minutemen turned back the British.

Second Continental Congress - On May 10, 1775, The Second Continental Congress assembled for the first time. However, many delegates were not yet prepared to break away from Great Britain. It would be another year before John Adams would ask Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence.

Boston Massacre - In March 5, 1770, a fight broke out between Bostonians and the soldiers. While some British officers tried to calm the crowd, one man shouted, "We did not send for you. We will not have you here. We'll get rid of you, we'll drive you away."

Tea Act - In 1773 the British East India Company faced ruin. To save the company, Parliament passed the Tea Act. This law allowed the company a virtual monopoly, or sole control, of the trade for tea in America. The act let the company sell tea directly to shopkeepers and bypass colonial merchants who normally distributed the tea.

Boston Tea Party - The East India Company shipped tea to a number of colonial city. The colonist forced the ships sent to New York and Philadelphia to turn back. Three tea ships arrived in Boston Harbor in 1773, the royal governor refused the ships to leave and ordered them to be unloaded. The Boston Sons of Liberty acted swiftly. On December 16, a group of men disguised as Mohawks boarded the ships at midnight. They threw 342 chests of tea overboard.

Stamp Act - In 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act. This law placed a tax almost all printed material, including newspapers, wills, and playing cards. All printed material had to have a stamp. British officials applied the stamp after the tax was paid.

Sugar Act - In 1764 Parliament passed the Sugar Act. This act lowered the tax on imported molasses. Grenville hoped the lower tax would convince colonists to pay the tax instead of smuggling. The act also lead officers seize goods from smugglers without going to court.

Coercive Acts - The British government responded by passing the Coercive Acts in 1774. These harsh laws were intended to punish the people of Massachusetts for their resitance to British law. The Coercive Acts closed Boston Harbor until the Massachuetts colonists paid for the ruined tax. This action prevented the arrival of food and other supplies that normally came by ship. Wors, the laws took away certain rights.

Battle of Bunker Hill - On June 16, 1775, about 1,200 militiamen under the command of Colonel William Prescott set up fortifications at Bunker Hill and nearby Breed's Hill, across the Boston. The British decided to drive the Americans from their strategic locations overlooking the city. The next day the redcoats assemblemed at the bottom of Breed's Hill. Bayonets drawn, they charged up the hill. With his forces loe on ammunition, Colonel Prescott reportedly shouted the order, "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes." The Americans opened fire, forcing the British to retreat.


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