The Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham

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Subject:
American History
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The Battle Of The Plains Of Abraham

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The battle of the plains of Abraham

the events leading up to the battle of the plains of abraham

the groups that were apart of the battle of the plains of abraham

What was the outcome of the battle of the plains of Abraham

what were the consequences of the battle of the plains of abraham, and how did it effect various groups?

Weeks were ticking by fast, James Wolfe didnt know if his plan would work. His idea was to try and attempt to capture Quebec. On a high cliff, behind the fortress was the Plains of Abraham. Wolfe was very determained and ready to scale the cliffs with his soldiers. Wolfe needed the attck to be dark, silent, and a huge suprise, to be able to succeed on the attack, but it would be hard to accomplish. The British troops came from boats and began to raid the cliffs.There were only 30 French sentries guarding at the top of the cliff, making it easier for the British. One of the French sentries exclaimed with a worried voice, 'who goes there', a british troop replys in french 'provisions from Montreal". The sentrie knew something was up, the attack had just begun. In the morning, 4400 British soldiers were on the hights by Quebec. General Montclam was in total suprise and shock. Montclam made a decision, he would bring his soldiers up. The French outnumbered the British by far. It was 10 O'clock AM, the french army advanced, with their Odawa allies along with them to help them win the battle. When Wolfe ordered the British to attack, the French army ran back into the town. The battle had ended, 1300 soldiers died during the Plains of Abraham, along with James Wolfe. Later on General Montcalm died from serious wounds. Montcalm then said ' i am glad i shall not live to see the surrender of Quebec'. Quebec was then handed over to the British.

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June, 1755 off the coast of Newfoundland, the British took over 2 French ships that were carrying many of the French soldiers. The French were flabbergasted and demanded that their ships to be returned right away.The British refused to give the French ships back, the war was then declared. The seven year war was on. William Pitt, the British prime ministers sent 50, 000 french soldiers over to North America, he wanted to capture France's two of the most powerful centres: the fortress at Louisbourg and Quebec. Capturing Louisbourg: Louisbourg was gaurding the entrance to the St. Lawrence river, leading to the Quebec colony. June 1758, 160 British warships were noticed off the coast of Cape Breton.They blocked the harbour at Louisbourg and started to attack the French fortress! The French had no way to get food, soldiers, supplies. The British soldiers landed onshore with cannon and didn't let the town get any help at all. It had been 7 weeks and the French finally gave up. Surrender was the only thing that the French could do, they didnt have anything that could keep them alive Onward to Quebec: Becuase of the fall of Louisbourg, British had a chance to move in and try to capture Quebec. Spring 1759, Major-General James Wolfe led a group of soldiers up the St.Lawrence river. There were 200 ships that were carrying around 9000 soldiers and 18 000 sailors. The ships all stretched around 150 kilometres down the river.The battle for Quebec unfolded over 3 months. Montcalm had 16 000 troops, Odawa allies, as well as a stone fortress. Different commanders, different Tactics: (James Wolfe)-Wolfe faced a well-defended fortress perched atop a high cliff-He could not get his soldiers behind the fortress to cut off its supplies-the French fleet was on its way-there were only a few weeks before the cold weather would start, and the British would have to leave Wolfe attacked the fortress with cannon fire. He unleashed an attack on the countryside, it destroyed villages and burned down farms and houses as well. He wanted to bring the French out into an open battle. Different Commanders, Different Tactics: (Marquis De Montcalm)-Montclam believed that he was safe inside the stone fortress-The French could fire their own cannon down on the enemy below-Reinforcements were marching from Montreal to help him- It was unknown how close the French fleet was at the time

The End of French Rule: The French tried to hold on for a year at Montreal. The colonists and British soldiers had a very rough time trying to find food in Quebec during the winter that followed after the year of the battle. More of the soldiers died from disease than from the battle. A British fleet controlled Atlantic, and it mad it nearly impossible to get an help from the French. British troops closed in on Montreal. French were ready for one last stand. Governor Vaudreuil knew that they would not win.September 8th, 1760, Vaudreuil surrendered New France to the British. War was over. The french flag that was there since the days of Cartier and Champlain came down. French rule of North America ended.The Legacy of New France: French-speaking colonists accomplished a great deal during the 150 years that they controlled the St. Lawrence River valley. They were the first newcomers in a place that is know known as Canada, where we live right now. French traders pioneered the fur trader, and they travelled all the way to the Western Plains. The Canadiens created successful farms. The Canadiens then started schools, hospitals, and charities for the people in need. By the time that the English arrived along the St. Lawrence, French colonists had laid the foundtions of a new country.First Nations and the War: The First Nations had their own view on the fight between the French and British. They wanted their own territories secure. Most of the First Nations people supported the french because of their history of trading. The Haudenosaunee supported the English because of their trading history. The peace treaty made the First Nations upset, they worried that outsiders would enter their territory. British traders started to take over fur trade. The British did not follow the same trading practices as the French had.

There were not many groups involved in the battle of the plains of Abraham. The groups that were involved in the battle of the Plains of Abraham were, France, Britain, and Odawa. Odawa were the French's allies. They fought with them throughout the war. Odawa were not only in the battle of the Plains of Abrahm, but they lost many soldiers, France and Britain did too.

The battle had finally ended. 1300 soldiers died in the battle of the Plains of Abraham. One of the men in the 1300 that died, was General Wolfe. General Montcalm also died from various cuts and woundes. As Montcalm laid there read to die he said, "I am glad i shall not live to see the surrender of Quebec". A few days later, Quebec was handed over to the British. The French were ferious, they had to give up all of their claim to Quebec over to the British. The British were proud, they had finally got their claim of Quebec. Yet the French, British, and Odawa were dissapointed because of the loss of many soldiers.- The First nations people had eventually made peace with who used to be their enemy, the British. Yet the First Nations still feared that land-hungry peoples would come in and enter their territory. The First Nations knew that that could be the start of a new war. -The Acadians could now return back to Nova Scotia, where they had once lived but been forced to leave. They feared that the British might take their language and religion, and then force them to speak the Engish language. Many English-speaking settlers were starting to arrive from the thirteen colonies to the Sounth, that would cause a huge impact on how they would now live.-The Canadiens in Quebec knew that things would soon change for them, they now needed to follow the British rules. That caused a huge impact on the Canadiens because they would soon need to change the way they had once lived. They did not know if the British would take them out like what they had done to the Acadians at first. They worried if they would be able to keep their Catholic religion.-Brtish was also worried. They now had to control a group of 70 000 Canadiens, who spoke French and was used to another was of law. The British replaced French laws with British ones. They knew that the Canadiens would not be very happy with that big change. Britain did not know how easy it would be to keep the French loyal to them, without turning on them like what the Acadians did. The Brtish also feared weather or not they could befriend the First Nations who were allies with the French during the war.

Marquis de Montcalm

James Wolfe


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