The Battle of Shiloh

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by 19mkarcewski
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
8

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The Battle of Shiloh

The Union Army was camped out by the Pittsburg Landing waiting for reinforcements under the control of General Don Carlos Buell to prepare for attacks in the future. The Confederate army was with withdrawing from Kentucky to prepare for future offensives and while doing so they ran into the camped out Union.

The Battle of Shiloh

The Battle of Shiloh happened April 6-7, 1862, when the Confederate forces attacked a line of Union soldiers camped out near Pittsburg Landing on the Tennessee River.

When the confederate army found the union camped out by the Tenesee River waiting for reinforcements, General Albert Sidney Johnston decided to launch a surprise offensive against the union. He would attack before the armies of General Grant and General Beulls forces were united. On the morning of April 6, 1862 the Confederates attacked the camped Union and caught them completely off guard. The confederates drove the Union forces back near Shiloh Church and threatened to trap them against the Tenesee River. The confederates continued to push them back until the Union established a battle line along a sunken road, this was called the “Hornets Nest.” The Union forces were able to hold that position until later that day when the reinforcments of General Buell came to help. During the battle the Confederate general, General Albert Sidney Johnston, was shot and quickly bled to death. General P.G.T. Beauregard took control of the cofederate army. General Beauregard stopped the confederate advance at nightfall. The Union forces were able to survive the first day of battle and be united with General Buell's army. The next morning, using their advantage in the number of men, Grant counter attacked the confederate forces and were able to drive them back. The Confederates slowly retreated. The Union had won the battle.

The Battle

Before the battle

The Union had won the battle, but that victory wass very costly. On both sides combined there were almost 24,000 casualties. This battle was considered the most bloodiest battle of it's time. When the Union had won it demonstrated how General Grant was willing to utilize all of the resources nessecary to win. The battle was a wakeup call for both the Union and the Confederates, it showed how bloody and costly the civil war was going to be.

Where and When

This is where the battle took place

Click for hepful video

The Battle of Shiloh was fought by about 65000 Union troops and 4600 Confederate troops. The Union army was under the command of General Ulysses S. Grant and the reinforcements that came were under the control of General Don Carlos Buell. The Confederates were under the control of General Albert Sidney Johnston, but when General Johnston dies during the first day Gneneral P.G.T. Beauregard takes control of the confederate army.

Aftermath of The Battle

Who faught in the battle

This is a map of the army movement during the battle

General Albert Sidney Johnston

General Ulysses S. Grant

By: Matthew Karcewski


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