The Battle of Plains of Abraham

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The Battle of Plains of Abraham

The Battle of Plains of Abraham

In June 1755, the British navy attacked off the coast of Newfoundland, and capture two French ships, which were ccarrying some French troops.What the British had done, made the French furious.The French demanded their ships back, but the British refused.Thus, war was declared between the two colonies.

Leading to the Battle of plains of Abraham

Capturing of LouisbourgIn June 1758, off the Coast of Cape Breton, a fleet of 160 warships appeared. They closed in on the harbour at Louisbourg, and began to attack the French fortress. The fleet of British ships blocked the French fortress' supply line, preventing the fortress defenders from getting food, more soldiers, and supplies. This went on for seven weeks, before they surrendered due to starvation, and the lack of supplies. Thus, Louisbourg wascaptured after they have surrendered to Britain.The Quebec FortressAfter Louisbourg has fallen, it was now time to take over Quebec as Louis bourg was no longer in the way. James Wolfe led a fleet of 200 ships that carried 9000 soldiers and 18000 down the S. Lawrence river.The fleet of ships stretched 150 km down the river. Marquis de Montcalm, commander of the French had 16 000 troops and several hundred odawa allies, and also a very sturdy stone fortress that cannot be captured easily. Montcalm could wait 'till winter to attack as the British would have to retreat before the river freezes, or British could attack before the winter came. Wolf then chose to bomb the fortress with cannon fire as he attacked the country side. Wolfe was hoping that he could draw Montcalm and his troops out of his fortress for an open battle.

The Capturing of Louisbourg and Quebec Fortress

The beginning

Britain in The Battle Of Plains of AbrahamBritain was a main part of the battle as well. James Wolfe, was the major-general.-Population: 1 170 760-Territory: Settlements in Hudson Bay and along the Atlantic seabord.-Military strength: They had a very powerful navy, but they were not used to wilderness fighting-Aboriginal support: As the French have several First Nation tribes on their side, only the Haudenosaunee stands by Britain's side.Supply lines: The British colonies were rich enough to provide their own supplies.

Groups involved in Battle

France In the Battle of Plains of AbrahamFrance was a main part of the battle of Plains of Abraham. Marquis de Montcalm was the French Commander.-Population: 60,000-Territory: French Territory stretches out from St. Lawrence to the gulf of Mexico, and it was very hared to defend.-Military Strength: Combined with very strong fortresses in Louisbourg and Quebec, experienced in fighting in the wilderness, and most powerful army in Europe-Aboriginal Support: Allies with many First Nation tribes-Supply lines: Looked over to France for supplies, the disadvantage of that is that the French's enemies are able to block the only supply line, supply line located in the St. Lawrence

Acadians the Battle of Plains of AbrahamDid not want to take part in the battle. Wanted to be left alone and live in peace and mind their own buisness.

First Nations in The Battle of Plains of AbrahamThe First Nations somehow got dragged into the battle a bit. Most First Nation tribes fought by the French, but only one tribe remained with the British. i.e Haudenosaunee.

Battles of Plains of Abraham

Wolfe then started to become desperate. He decide one last attempt to capture Quebec. Behind the fortress was a farmer's field, on the high clifftop. The French believed that it wasn't possible for anybody to scale the cliffs, but wolfe was determined,. This operation can only be done at night, with complete silence, darkness, and surprise. No shots have been fired but a few French sentries that were gaurding the top of the cliffs were killed by some British troops. Over 4 400 troops were on the heights behind Quebec by dawn. General Montcalm was shocked and wondered what he should do. Montcalm decided to march his troops out, just as Wolfe had wished. Wolfe had Cannons and more soldiers coming up the cliffs, but the British were out-numbered. 10 in the morning, British had held their fire until the French were within musket range. Cannon was fired, and French troops fell in large portions. Wolfe ordered the British to charge, as the French head over to the town for retreat. The battle was finally over. 1300 soldiers died in the Plains of Abraham. General wolfe later on died from injuries, and Montcalm died a little later also. 'I am glad I shall not live to see the surrender of Quebec' Montcalm statted the day he died. Few days have passed since the battle and Quebec was then handed over to British.

Canadiens after The Battle Of The Plains Of AbrahamAfter the French lost the battle of the Plains of Abraham, Canadiens knew that a lot of things would change. They worried that the British would remove them away just as they had to the Acadians, or if they were somehow allowed to stay, would they be able to keep their culture?

Acadians After the Battle Of Plains Of AbrahamAcadians were eventually sent back to Nova Scotia, but they worried for their language and religion just like the Canadiens.

First Nations After The Battle Of Plains Of AbrahamThey worried about outsiders taking their territories, and there was no more trading with the French, but with the British.

Britain after the Battle of Plains of AbrahamWithout general Wolfe by their side anymore, they wondered what to do with the new land, and the 70 000 Canadiens that came with it. They also wondered how they can befriend the First Nations, whom had been on the French's side during the whole thing

Outcome of The Battle

Consequences of the Battle

BritishJames Wolfe had died. When British returned to Quebec, the British were shocked by the site in front of them. Around 152 houses were now rubble due to shelling. Many Farms were destroyed too.

FrenchMontcalm has died and French has lost the war.


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