The Battle of Gettysburg

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Social Studies
American History

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The Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg

Day 2General Lee wasn't ready for battle until 4:00 p.m. This gave Meade a chance to bring in reinforcements. He had his forces set up in a long defensive line hooking around from Culp's Hill and Cemetary Hill along Cemetary Ridge on the north. On the southern side, they held Little and Big Roung Top. There defensive line resembled a fish hook. Lee sent General Sickles to advance his troops to attack the Union line near a peach orchard, a wheat field, and a mass of boulders known as Devil's Den. The Conferderats then tried to advance on the left flank of the Union line on Little Round Top. They were met by General John Chamberlain and his Twentieth Maine. They fought the Confederates until they ran out of ammunition. Even though they ran out ammuntion, General Chamberlain told them to ready their bayonets. The Maine soldiers drove the Confederates back down the hill. The fighting was most intense at the center of the Union line where Sickles positioned his men. Longstreet's troops attacked the peach orchard, the wheat field, and Devil's Den repeteadly in the afternoon. When the fighting ended for the day, the Union still held Cemetary Ridge, Cemetary Hill, and Culp's Hill.

Day 1Eager and supremely confident that he could win a battle in Union soil, General Lee convinced the Confederate Army to let his 75,000 men into Pennsylvania. This began a long journey to the North. Union General Joseph Hooker was replaced by General Meade after Chancellorsville. On July 1st, the two armies met surprisingly and this began the battle. Both sides poured in men but the Union were outnumbered. Both armies lines stretched for 4 miles. The Union held Cemetary Ridge and the Confederates held a series of hills called Seminary Ridge. The first day's fighting came to an end.


Day 3Lee decided that he could decided that his soldiers could take the Union strongpoints at the center of the line. This was surely a mistake. General Lee ordered a massive barrage of artillery to be followed by a massive attack of soldiers across open ground. At 3:00 p.m., they launched their attack led by General George Pickett. This assault was known as Pickett's Charge. 12,000 men walked a mile of open ground. Union artillery tore gaps in their ranks and canister shots were shot upon the Confederates. When the Confederates got within 200 yards of the Union line, the Union poured out rifle fire on the enemy. Out of 12,000, about 7,000 managed to stumble back alive. Lee's assault failed and the Union sent him retreating toward Virginia. The Confederates suffered more than 28,000 casualties, but the Union lost 23,000 as a result of Gettysburg. Meade's failure to dispurse of Lee and his army failed .Meaning the war would continue for more months to come and more deaths to come. Nevertheless, this was a major Union victory gave hope to the people of the Union that the war might soon be over.

Commonly used weapons.

George Meade

Robert E. Lee


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