The Battle of Gettysburg

by USHistoryI
Last updated 1 year ago

Social Studies
American History

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The Battle of Gettysburg

July 1-3, 1863(midpoint of the war)Considered most significant battle.Winning battle gave the union the will to keep fighting.-Union morale was low-Lincoln was in deep political trouble-New peace movement wanted to end the war, even if it meant Confederacy being seen as a separate nation.-battered by defeats at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville-but they out numbered the southLosing the battle prevented confederates from ending the war in 1863General "Stonewall" accidentally shot by his own menSouth was running out of supplies-Union troops occupied south's best farmland-confederate money was almost worthless-inflation was as high as 9000%South(army of northern Virginia) choose to invade Pennsylvania to get supplies from the north.It was the only way to solve south's supply shortageHe knew the invasion was risky, but believed they could fight their way out of any situation.A victory would force Lincoln to recall his troops from MississippiWhich threatened Vicksburg, where the Confederate stronghold was on the Mississippihe also hoped a southern victory on union soil would encourage England and France to recognize them as an independent nation.If the union lost another battle, copperheads (anti-war northerners) would riot. Confederacy marched 75,000 troops in JuneSouth was on Seminary RidgeNorth was on Cemetery Ridge

Little Round Top

Union Win-Union was able to get reinforcements on second day because General Longstreet wasn’t able to attack until 4:00 PM-Pickett’s Charge [Confederates tried to attack Union center] failed on the 3rd day.-Union had Little Round Top and Confederates failed to capture it.

The Battle of Gettysburg

Union Casualties: 23,040Confederate Casualties: between 22,000 and 25,000

Union Troops: 95,000Confederate Troops: 75,000



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