The Battle of Cabin Creek

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by MelissaBeth
Last updated 9 years ago

Social Studies

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The Battle of Cabin Creek

Melissa King3rd hour

The Union Recaptured Fort Gibson by April 1863. The Union built Fort Blunt after that.Then one of their supply trains left for Fort Gibson on July 2, 1863. Recent rains caused creeks and rivers to become "swollen". When the water calmed down, Col. James Williams could take the train through Cabin Creek.

Battle of Cabin Creek

Col. William Phillips faught against Stand Watie's raids. He also protected and found food for some Indians that were still in their homes. William Phillips tried to convince the Cherokee to resettle on their land in the Indian Territory almost all winter long. He persuaded the Cowskin Prarie Council to take place in February 1863 at the northeast corner of the Cherokeee Nation.

Stand Wate and his troops were waiting for the supply train to arrive. The train carried Col. James Williams, the First Kansas Colored Infantry, two units of white soldiers, and the Third Indian Home Guards from Kansas. Then there was a bloody battle. After it, the supplies arrived to Fort Gibson as planned.

Colonel William Phillips was in command of Union Indian troops.

The Cherokee declared Stand Watie and his followers outlaws after withdrawing from the Confederacy.

The Cowskin Prarie Council elected John Ross as cheif and the acting cheif was Thomas Pegg.

Fort Blunt is a "mile-long, 18-gun earthwork (a fortification made of earth)". It was built on top of a hill above Fort Gibson.

The Battle of Cabin Creek was the very first battle in the civil war that white, black, and Indian troops fought together.


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