The Back Footed Ferret

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by scruggssydnie
Last updated 8 years ago

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Animals
Grade:
7

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The Back Footed Ferret

Family

The Black Footed Ferret is a member of Mustelidae (Weasel Family) which consists of the following:

Fisher

Marten

Otter

Polecat

Badger

Mink

VegitationBased off of the name “grassland", you can already tell that grass takes up a majority of of the vegetation of the Black Footed Ferrets’ habitat. Other things such as small and big flowering plants can also be found in these areas.

Food Chain 90% of the Black Footed Ferret's diet is made up of prarie dogs. A single ferret eats around 100 prairie dogs a year. Predators to this little creature include coyotes and carnivorus birds.

Biome Black Footed Ferrets eat prairie dogs, so they mostly live in prairies (or grasslands); making their homes in abandoned prairie dog holes. They can be found in prairie dog colonies along the Great Plains, from Northern Mexico, to Southern Canada. In 1986, they were completely extinct in the wild. But luckily, they were reintroduced into 15 places throughout their old homes, not long ago. Today they mosly live in the states of: Wyoming, South Dakota, Montana, Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Kansas and Chihuahua

Siteshttp://www.blackfootedferret.org/historyhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Mustela_nigripes/http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/blackfootedferret.htmhttp://www.defenders.org/black-footed-ferret/basic-factshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grasslandhttp://www.factmonster.com/ce6/us/a0858459.htmlhttp://blackfeetferret.blogspot.com/p/physical-features.htmlhttp://www.ehow.com/info_8528190_adaptations-blackfooted-ferrets.html

AdaptationsNocturnal The Black Footed Ferret is a nocturnal animal, and it sleeps up to 21 hours a day! It hunts at night making it hard to be spotted by predators, and easier to catch its prey off-guard.Body ShapeIts narrow 15-20 inch body (not including tail) serves well, when hunting for prairie dogs, through underground burrows. In these burrows the ferret makes its home, and raises its young.Defense This ferrets long claws and sharp teeth not only help it hunt, but also to defend its home, family, and itself.ColorLike other animals adapt to their environments, the black footed ferret is colored to blend in with its prairie surroundings. This is mainly for a defense purpose.

Sceintific Name: Mustela Nigripes

Black Footed Ferret

By Sydnie Scruggs

Life CycleThe mating season for them is in March and April. The females usually have a litter of around 3-4 kits. Kits are born with fuzzy, white fur, but start developing their markings at the age of 3 weeks. The kits are raised in a burrow for about 2 months, until the mother takes them out for their first hunt. They finally leave the family in the fall, when they go and live life on their own, until next spring.

Characteristics (Physical Features) All Black Footed Ferrets found across North America all look almost exactly the same. The ferrets have a black “mask” covering almost their entire faces, and they also (as you probably guessed) have black feet. Besides the black tip of their tails, the rest of their body is a brownish tan color. Males are slightly bigger than females, but they range at about 2-3 pounds when they are full grown.

Ancestors At about 3-4 million years ago, ferrets evolved out of weasel-like creatures. This all started in Europe, until they dispersed into North America, where they have been present for about 100,000 years.

Temprature The Great plains are home to the small population of the Black Footed Ferret. The temprature range of this area has cold winters and hot summers. These tempratures get up to 100 degrees F°, and down to -40 F°.

AltitudeThe great plains stretch across many states, so the altitude varies from about 1,500 ft and 6,000 ft above sea level


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