The Attack on Pearl Harbor

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by SydneyD2
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Social Studies
World War II

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The Attack on Pearl Harbor

The Attack on Pearl Harbor

"Yesterday, December 7, 1941—a date that will live in infamy—the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.” -President Franklin D. Roosevelt

United States Casualties:Navy- 1998Marine Corps- 109Army- 233Civilian- 48

"Just before 8 a.m. on December 7, 1941, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attacked the American naval base at Pearl Harbor near Honolulu, Hawaii. The barrage lasted just two hours, but it was devastating: The Japanese managed to destroy nearly 20 American naval vessels, including eight enormous battleships, and almost 200 airplanes. More than 2,000 Americans soldiers and sailors died in the attack, and another 1,000 were wounded. The day after the assault, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress to declare war on Japan; Congress approved his declaration with just one dissenting vote. Three days later, Japanese allies Germany and Italy also declared war on the United States, and again Congress reciprocated. More than two years into the conflict, America had finally joined World War II."

During the first wave of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, there were 49 bombers, 40 torpedo planes, 51 dive-bombers, and 43 fighter aircrafts used. The second wave of attack used 54 bombers,78 dive-bombers, and 38 fighter aircrafts. As a result, the Japanese people in America were placed in camps by the military that were located in California. In these camps, the Japanese were kept in poor conditions and were mistreated very badly. In 1988, the U.S. government formally apologized for this. They offered $20,000 to every surviving Japanese person from the camps.


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