The Art of Eygptain Mummification

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History

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The Art of  Eygptain Mummification

The Art of Egyptian Mummification

Purpose of mummification

Purpose of animal mummification

The purpose of human mummification is to perpare the body of the dead and perserve the body so that the person can pass through into the afterlife.The Egyptians had a strong belief of a life after death, the Egyptians believed that for the body to be regonizied by the dead person in the afterlife, the body must be preserved, or else the body and the persons soul can't reunite in the afterlife. The mummification process takes 70 days from the day the person dies to the day of their burial.

The purpose of animal mummification is so the humans, can perserve their pets so that in the afterlife their pets can keep them company and so they can play together. Another reason why animal mummification is done is to offer them to the gods, especially to gods who are portrayed as certain animals like Horus who is worshipped as a hawk/falcon, to offer a mummy to Horus the egyptians would offer a falcon or hawk mummy. The animal mummification process is the same process as the human mummification process.

The Mummification Process

1. The first step in the mummification process is to take out the brain through the nose using a hook-like tool. Then the internal oragns are taken out. Some organs would be put into jars called canopic jars, which are used to hold the organs the stomach, the intestines, the liver, and the lungs these are the organs needed in the afterlife. The heart is not taken out of the body for the Egyptians thought of it as the center of feelings and understanding.2. The second step in the process is to dry the body, the body is dried using the material natron, this also prevents the body from decaying. Some of the natron powder is put into little bags and then put inside the body to prevent decaying and to dry the inside, then the outside of the body is covered completely with natron. Then the body is left to dry for 40 days.3. After the body is dried the body is pact with linen, sawdust, sand, scented oils and spices to give it a full shape of someone who looks alive. Then the body is covered in resin (plant extract that preserves and hardens the skin).4. After the body is covered in resin, the body is riped in linen, this process takes about 15 days to do, because the bandages had to be on tightly. 5. Then after the body is finished being riped in linen the body gets to put on some accessories. A funeral mask is placed over the head this helps the soul of the person identify the body in the afterlife. 6. The last step is the burial ceremony, and the burial of the body.

Canopic jars

Canopic jars are used to store important organs so that they can be ised in the afterlife. There are four canopic jars used, one for the stomach, one for the liver, one for the intestines, and one for the lungs. The jar lids are protrayed as horuses four sons Hapi, Qebehsenuef, Duamutef, and Imsety.Hapi-is depicted with a baboon head and he protects the lungs of the mummyQebehsenuef- is depicted with the a head of a hawk and protects the intestines of the mummyDuamutef-is depicted with the head of a jackal and protects the stomach of the mummyImsety-is depicted with the head of a human, and protects the liver of the mummy

The mummification process is done by people called emblamers.

Duamutef

Hapi

Qebehsenuef

Imsety

By: Lily Diep


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