The Arabic Muslims

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The Arabic Muslims

Muslims see religious value in the area because it is where their belief that there is only one god came from. This belief came from Judaism. Jerusalem was the original place to which Muslims faced in prayer, until it was changed to Mecca in the 620s C.E. Even then, Jerusalem had taken meaning to Muslims because it was the site of Muhammad's night journey and the increase of his popularity. The two most important Muslim sites in Jerusalem are the Dome of the Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

Question D

The Crusades had little instant effect on the Middle East, in terms of land losses or emotional impact. By the 1200s, people in the area were much more concerned about a new threat: the quickly-expanding Mongol Empire, which would bring down the Umayyad Caliphate, sack Baghdad, and push toward Egypt. Had the Malukas not defeated the Mongols in the Battle of Ayn Jalut in 1260. the entire Muslim world might have fallen.

Question A


The Arabic Muslims



The Crusades were in part of an opening for a powerful religious piety which rose up in the late 11th century.A turning point in western attitudes towards the east came in the year 1009, when the Fatimid caliph of Cairo, al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, had the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem destroyed. His successor allowed the Byzantine Empire to reconstruct it under strict circumstances, and pilgrimage was again permitted, but many stories began to be spread in the West about the cruelty of Muslims toward Christian pilgrims; these rumours then played an important role in the development of the Crusades later in the century.When the First Crusade was preached in 1095, the Christian princes of northern Iberia had been fighting their way out of the mountains of Galicia and Asturias, the Basque country and Navarre, with increasing success, for about a hundred years.

(1189-92). The Muslims, led by Saladin, had recaptured Jerusalem after the Battle of Hattin in 1187. This defeat inspired a new expedition, led by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa), Richard the Lion-Hearted of England, and Philip Augustus of France. Frederick died in Asia Minor, and Richard became the leader of the expedition. His forces captured the port of Acre in 1191. Saladin then granted Richard a truce that permitted Christians to visit Jerusalem.

Question E

The importance placed on the Crusades in Europe is a direct reflection of the fear of Islam at the time, and its overwhelming presence as a greater civilization and power. And this atmosphere survived until at least the beginning of this century.

The Jerusalem is significant in a number of religious traditions, including the Abrahamic religions Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Some of the most blessed places for each of these religions are found in Jerusalem.Part of Jerusalem's significance and religiousness to Muslims develops from its strong memory with Abraham, David, Solomon, and Jesus. Born in 570 AD, Muhammad is believed by Muslims to be a messenger for God.Jerusalem served as the first qibla (direction of prayer) for Muslims. While Muslims were in Mecca, and also for 17–18 months in Medina, Muslims prayed towards Jerusalem. Early mosques in Medina were built to face Jerusalem.



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