The Americas

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by dgarcial
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Ancient History
Grade:
5,6,7,8,9,10

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The Americas

They were located in native to the region of Aztlán.Their religion was: polytheistic.The Aztec culture created a great empire with its capital in the city of Tenochtitlan, on an island in Lake Texcoco (now Mexico City).Order of the Aztec empire was internally destroyed by the Spanish conquerors led by Hernan Cortez, after various colonizing expeditions, in August 1521, the Aztec empire was conquered.

Located in the Valley of Mexico.the sixth largest city in the world during its epoch.Religion: They were polytheistic, Teotihuacanos practiced human and animal sacrifices.The Avenue of the Dead: Temples and palaces such as the Pyramid of the Sun, the Pyramid of the Moon and the Pyramid of the feathered snake.

"The Americas"

Teotihuacan Place of the Gods 250 BC to 800 AD

Olmecs 1200 BC to around 400 BC

Mayas AD 300 to 900

Aztec 1325 Until the year 1521 A.D.

Located in the tropical lowlands of southcentral Mexico. Now the states of Veracruz and Tabasco.Their religion was: polytheistic and also they did ritual bloodletting.Olmec artwork: "Colossal heads", there are seventeen monumental human head sculpted from large basalt boulders.The Olmec constructed permanent city-temples complexes: San Lorenzo Tenochitlan, La Venta, Tres Zapotes and Laguna de los Cerros.Olmec collapse: was problably the result of "very serious" enviromental changes that rendered the region unsuited for large groups of farmers.

The Olmecs were the first major civilization in Mexico

Toltec 800 A.D.-1200 A.D

Located in Mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco and Yucatan.Central american region: Guatemala, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador.Their religion was: polytheistic , they were often at war with each other, they practiced human sacrifice.They built splendid temples and pyramids and developed a complicated calendar.They developed an agricultural city- centered civilization consisting on independient city- states: Caracol, Tikal, Palenque, Chichen Itza, Copán, Calakmul.Calendars:Solar Calendar- 365 days, divided in 18 months of 20 days each with an extra 5 days at the end.Sacred Calendar: 260 days divided in 13 weeks of 20 days each.

They were located in: Tlaxcala, Puebla, Hidalgo, Mexico, Morelos.Their religion was polytheistic.With the Toltec domain as supreme deity Quetzalcoatl in Mesoamerica it is based. They consolidated a huge and vast network of trading systems with other peoples. They were consolidated as a highly militaristic state.It is estimated that Tula hosted around 30 000 inhabitants, which lived in large complexes of a plant with basically flat roofs of stone and earth and finishes in adobe.

Daniela García León#14 2ºc

BiblIOGRAPHY:-http://www.historiacultural.com/2010/01/cultura-maya-precolombina-mesoamerica.html-http://www.historiacultural.com/2010/02/cultura-tolteca-mesoamerica-mexico.html-http://mayaincaaztec.com/antoci.html-http://www.aztec-history.com/olmec-civilization.html-http://universes-in-universe.org/eng/art_destinations/mexico/tour/teotihuacan


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