The Americas

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Social Studies
Ancient History

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The Americas


The Americas





(300 b.C to 900 a.d)mexican states of Chiapas, Tabasco ,and Yucatan, Peninsula: Quintana Roo, Campeche, Yucatan.Central American region: Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador.They built esplendid temples, pyramids, and developed a very complicated calendar.mayas developed an agricultural city-Centered Civilization consisting on independent city-states: Caracol, Tikai, Palenque, Chichen itza, Copán, and Calakmul.they were often at war with each other. They practiced human sacrifice. When a male heir was presented to thronewar captives were tortured.The spanish burnt theire writtings, so mayan hieroglyphs remained a mistery for centuries.The calendar was based on a blief in cycles of creation and destruction.SOLAR CALENDAR: 365 days, divided in 18 months of 20 days each with an extra 5 days at the end.SACRED CALENDAR: 260 days, divided in 13 weeks of 20 days each. Bibliography: my notebook

The Olmec were the first major civilization in Mexico.They lived in tropical lowlandsof South Central Mexico.Now the states of Veracruz & Tabasco. They practiced ritual bloodletting and also played mesoamerican ballgame. Artwork: colosal heads, are 17 of them, they are sculped from large basalt boulders.Constructed permanent citytemple complexes: San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, La Venta, Tres Zapotes and Laguna de los cerros.Was the result of very serious environmental changes that rendered the region unsuited for a large group of farmers.Bibliography: my notebook

(250 b.C to 800 a.d)They were located in el Estado de Mexico ( Valley).With population estimated at 125000 or more, making it the 6º largest city in the world.The avenue of the dead: temples and palaces such as the pyramid of the sun, the moon, and the pyramid of the feathered serpent.They practiced human and animal sacrifices.The victims were probably enemy warriors captured in battle and brought to the city for ritual sacrifices to ensur the city could prosper.Bibliography: my notebook.

(900 b.C to 1168 a.C)The Toltec culture is an archaeological Mesoamerican culture that dominated a state centered in Tula, in the early post-classic period of Mesoamerican chronology.Bibliography:

The Aztec Empire was peopled by a group that was once nomadic, the Mexicas. Their chroniclers told them that after their long journey from Aztlan, they found themselves to be outcasts, until they found the sign sent to them by their god Huitzilopochtli, and began to build their city. And so the Mexica peoples continued, and the Aztec Empire began.Bibliography:

Nicole Novo 2ºC #22


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