The American Dream for Immigrants Coming to the United States (A.P.R.)

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The American Dream for Immigrants Coming to the United States (A.P.R.)

The American Dream for Immigrants Coming to the United States of America

1861-1890Immigrants from IrelandIn the 19th century, many Irish chose to immigrate for different reasons. One was to escape the lasting effects of the Great Famine, a famine caused by potato crop failure in Ireland that lasted from 1845-1849. Since many Irish citizens depended heavily on the potato, the failure caused mass starvation in Ireland. About one million people died from the famine, and all who survived suffered from malnutrition. Over two million Irish immigrated during and after the famine, seeking relief (Mokyr, Joel. "Great Famine". Britannica.com. Web. Britannica.com, 3 January 2019. Web. 4 February 2019). Other Irish chose to immigrate for economic opportunity. Almost half of Ireland's population at the time lived on farms that produced little income, so many Irish were very poor, and they came to seek economic opportunity. Over two million Irish eventually moved to the United States seeking relief from their desolated country. One of them was the mother of Mary Poyet, who immigrated to the United States in order to get a job and send money back to her family. Impoverished, the Irish could not buy property. Instead, they congregated in the cities where they landed, almost all in the northeastern United States. Today, Ireland has just half the population it did in the early 1840s. There are now more Irish Americans than there are Irish nationals. ("25f Irish and German Immigration." Ushistory.org. Web. Ushistory.org, n.d. Web. 4 February 2019). Immigrants from GermanyIn the 19th century, many Germans immigrated in search of economic opportunity. In Germany, typical working people endured land seizures, unemployment, increased competition for British goods, and the repercussions of the failed German Revolution of 1848. Prospects in the United States seemed bright, and it soon became easier to leave Germany, as restrictions on emigration were eased. The United States also became a refuge for Germans fleeing religious persecution. Antisemitic violence in Germany and Austria-Hungary drove thousands of German Jews to immigrate to the United States. German Jews during this period were proud of their German culture; they generally chose to speak German instead of Hebrew or Yiddish and lived together with Catholics and Lutherans in German American communities. While there were approximately 1500 European Jews living in the U.S. in 1800, there were almost 15,000 by the middle of the century. As steamships replaced sailing ships, the transatlantic journey became more accessible and more tolerable. As a result, more two million people left Germany for the United States from 1861 to 1890 ("A New Surge of Growth". Loc.gov. Web. Loc.gov, n.d. Web. 11 February 2019).Immigrants from England In the 19th century, over two million immigrants moved to the United States. Many came to escape poverty and the class system, and they wanted to seek equality. Most English immigrants had no trouble moving to the United States, because they behaved similarly to the Americans. English citizens were inspired to leave England and come to the U.S. because of the stories they had heard about the United States and the ideals of 'Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness'. This statement may have inspired their American Dream for them ("English Immigration to America". Emmigrationinfo.com. Web. Emmigration Info, n.d. Web. 7 February 2019).NowImmigrants from Mexico According to World Bank, 53% of Mexico's population is poor, which means they are living on less than $2 a day, and about 24% of Mexico is extremely poor, which means that they are living on less than $1 per day. In the rural areas of Mexico, people also face poverty, and ethnic disparities and discrimination further prevent rural, indigenous people from gaining fair access to services that they need ("Freedom from Hunger News and Events". Freedom from Hunger. Freedom from hunger, n.d.Web. 9 February 2019). This means that many immigrants from Mexico come to America from economic opportunity. Another reason that Mexican citizens immigrate to the United States is to escape from the continuing drug-related violence. From 2006 to 2013, over 120,000 people have been killed, not including the 27,000 missing (WereSpielChequers. Mexican Drug War. Wikipedia.org. Web. Wikipedia, 2 14 2019. Web. 9 February 2019). Many Mexican citizens have left Mexico in order to seek refuge and asylum from the Drug War (Wolf, Julie. "New Reason for Mexican Immigration to U.S.: Drug Violence." Mcclatchydc.com. Web. Mcclatchydc.com, 20 May 2009. Web. 9 February 2019). Immigrants from China Chinese immigrants come to the United states to succeed economically. According to Jia Lynn Yang of Washington Post, when she asked Chinese citizens about the real estate market or the manufacturing sector, but in nearly every interview, citizens expressed deep concerns about the future of their country. When Guo Hei, a Chinese citizen who wishes to immigrate to the United States, was interviewed he said,“People like me who have made money by our own efforts — we feel like we can’t make money on our own anymore. People with contacts with the government can get ahead, but other people cannot."  ImagesThe images show "The New Colossus" a poem by Emily Lazarus that was published in 1883. She wrote it as a way to try to raise money for the Statue of Liberty's pedestal. The poem describes the hope and spirit of the American Dream for immigrants. Today, a plaque with her poem is mounted inside the pedestal's lower level. The other image are anti-immigration political cartoons from the time period. However, these cartoons did not stop millions of immigrants from coming to the United States each year.So, what was (and is) the American Dream?The American Dream for immigrants coming to the United States was a safe, persecution-free life of equality and economic opportunities from which they can prosper. This American Dream is true for the immigrants of today as well, such as the Mexican and Chinese immigrants, because Mexican immigrants want a more safe life with more economic opportunity, and Chinese immigrants want a life of economic opportunity where people are equal.


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