The Adolescent Brain

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by samanthalaunius
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Human Anatomy

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The Adolescent Brain

Q: Can we base an adolescent's behavior on being just a phase?A: No, someone's genes, background situation, environment, and their brain maturity affects their behavior!

Hormones during puberty play into the development of the brain as well. The increase of testosterone in males creates more aggression. New behaviors such as the need for more privacy, more mood swings, being conceited, having an escape, and the possibility of risky actions like drug use and sexual activity start to show in both genders.

In adolescence, the brain is constantly changing. On average, someone's brain does not reach full maturity until their early 20s. That means that teens and young adults are not matured in the brain yet. During this time, an increase in Gray Matter has been observed on adolescents' cortex, which controls thought and memory. Then, the Gray Matter decreases, leaving the brain looking more like an adult's. Only then does an adolescent's brain will be as mature as an average adult.

More research still needs to be done

Adolescents learn better with the following:1) Background noise2) In the Midafternoon3) When emotion is related to the context4) Visual Representations

That would be so because with background noises, it is a way to escape and they feel at ease. With learning better in the afternoon, students pay more attention as their brains are not fully functioning bright and early in the morning like adults. With emotions, including a joke or positive reinforcements throughout the day increase their memory. As for visual representations such as charts and manipulatives, it helps students focus as they lack that skill to remain attentive for too long.

The frontal lobe of the brain is the last part to develop. That controls the cognitive thinking- reasoning, judgement, and planning.

Did you know that female brains can process information earlier then males? Age 12 for females and age 14 for males. Puberty.

A Brain Always Changing

One way to improve their knowledge is to present them the reason to why it is important!

When the Gray Matter decreases, the synapses go through a pruning stage. The ones with little to no use get smaller and the more productive ones grow stronger- making the brain more effecient. Synapses are the connections in your brain.

The Maturity Growth of an Average Brain

Students should be able to have breaks between lessons in order to process the information better.


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