texasss historyyy

by baileyalese
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies

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texasss historyyy



Lawrence Sullivan Ross was the 19th Governor of Texas.He was also the president of Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, now called Texas A&M University.Lawrence was raised in the Republic of Texas.Much of his child hood was spent in the frontier where his family founded Waco."Sul" attended Baylor University and Florence Wesleyan University.On one of his summer vacations he suffered injuries while fighting renegade Comanches.

Garner was a member of the Texas House of Representatives from 1898 to 1902. While in the Texas Legislature, a bill came up to select a state flower for Texas.Garner fervently supported the prickly pear cactus for the honor and earned the nickname "Cactus Jack" for his effort.Garner was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives in 1902 from a newly created Congressional District covering tens of thousands of square miles of rural South Texas. He was elected from the District fourteen subsequent times, serving until 1933. His wife served as his private secretary during this period.

Legislative (Congress)Passes bills; has broad taxing and spending power; controls the federal budget; has power to borrow money on the credit of the United States (may be vetoed by President, but vetoes may be overridden with a two-thirds vote of both houses)Has sole power to declare war.Oversees, investigates, and makes the rules for the government and its officers.Defines by law the jurisdiction of the federal judiciary in cases not specified by the ConstitutionRatification of treaties signed by the President and gives advice and consent to presidential appointments to the federal judiciary, federal executive departments, and other posts (Senate only)Has sole power of impeachment (House of Representatives) and trial of impeachments (Senate); can remove federal executive and judicial officers from office for high crimes and misdemeanors

Executive head of government—running the functions of the state, managing the bureaucracy, and deciding how to enforce the lawforeign minister—overseeing state's ambassadors, managing and determining foreign policycommander in chief—commanding the state's armed forces and determining military policy

JudiciaryIn the United States court system, the Supreme Court is the final authority on the interpretation of the federal Constitution and all statutes and regulations created pursuant to it, as well as the constitutionality of the various state laws; in the US federal court system, federal cases are tried in trial courts, known as the US district courts, followed by appellate courts and then the Supreme Court. State courts, which try 98% of litigation,[7] may have different names and organization; trial courts may be called "courts of common plea", appellate courts "superior courts" or "commonwealth courts".[8] The judicial system, whether state or federal, begins with a court of first instance, is appealed to an appellate court, and then ends at the court of last resort.[9]

He attended the University of Texas School of Law while teaching school, and was admitted to the State Bar of Texas in 1908. Just after being admitted to the bar, he won election to the Texas House of Representatives, beginning his first term in 1909. During his second two-year term in the Texas House, he was elected Speaker of the House at the age of twenty-nine. The next year, he won election to the United States House of Representatives in District 4. He entered Congress in 1913 at the beginning of Woodrow Wilson's presidency and served in office for almost forty-nine years (more than twenty-four terms), until the beginning of John F. Kennedy's presidency.

The process for bills becoming laws

A bill is an idea for a new law, or an idea to change or do away with an existing law. Hundreds of bills enter the legislative process in West Virginia each time the Legislature meets. Two groups of elected citizens - 34 senators and 100 delegates - study, discuss and vote on bills, and in doing so act for the people of West Virginia. Bills enter the legislative process either through the House of Delegates or the Senate, but to become laws, bills must pass both chambers and avoid a governor’s veto.

7 principles of democracy

1.Popular Sovereignty-a government in which the people rule, a broad range of people shared in the power to govern themselves2.Republicanism-the people exercise their power by voting3.Federalism-a system of government in which the power is divided between a central government and smaller political units such as states4.Separation of Powers-the division of basic government roles into three branches5.Checks and Balances-each branch of government can exercise checks, or controls over the other branches6.Limited Government-everyone, citizens and powerful leaders alike must obey the law7.Individual Rights-personal liberties or privilges

Sources of revenue (income) for Texas

Tax IncomeSales tax$15,417,156,258 Vehicle sales/rental, mfg housing sales2,740,287,958 Motor fuels taxes2,917,706,870 Franchise tax1,835,013,952 Insurance occupation taxes1,184,922,211 Natural gas production tax1,392,436,142 Cigarette and tobacco taxes534,577,125 Alcoholic beverages taxes601,839,505 Oil production tax496,111,400 Inheritance tax151,131,249 Utility taxes356,245,152Hotel and motel tax238,861,664 Other taxes46,712,161 Total Taxes27,913,001,6454 Other Major Income SourcesFederal Income21,937,677,5323 Licenses, fees, permits, fines & penalties5,545,631,112 Interest and investment Income1,406,009,264 Net Lottery Proceeds1,596,764,098 Sales of Goods and Services329,233,909 Settlements of Claims510,061,810Land Income498,182,215Contributions to Employee Benefits178,178,251Other Revenue Sources2,158,332,805Total Other Sources34,160,070,997 Total Net Revenue$62,073,072,643

Presidents from Texas

Dwight D. EisenhowerLyndon B. Johnson

Texas Constitutions

The Constitution of the Republic of Texas (1836)The Constitution of Texas (1845) (Joining the U.S.) The Constitution of Texas (1861) (Seceding from the U.S. and joining the Confederate States)The Constitution of Texas (1866) (Rejoining the U.S.)The Constitution of the State of West Texas (1868) The Constitution of Texas (1869) (Reconstruction Constitution) The Constitution of Texas (1876)We live by all of these Constitution but only some of the laws

Voting, Serving on juries

JURY DUTYSome employers doggedly resist the idea of allowing employees to take time off for jury duty -- and apply subtle (and sometimes not-so-subtle) pressure on them to try to get out of serving. Recognizing this problem, most states prohibit employers from firing or disciplining employees called to serve on a jury. Some states go farther and prohibit employers from trying to discourage or intimidate employees from serving on a jury.In some states, employers may require employees to provide proof that they were called for jury duty before they take any time off work.For most employees, the most important issue is whether or not they will be paid for time spent on jury duty. Unless your employer's handbook or other personnel policies state otherwise, employees in most states are not entitled to be paid for time off work spent responding to a summons or serving on a jury. However, a handful of states do require employers to provide at least some pay for this time off.

VOTINGAlmost every state prohibits employers from disciplining or firing an employee who takes time off work to vote. Some state laws require employers to give their employees a specific amount of time off to cast their ballots. In some states, this time off must be paid; in others, it may be unpaid.In addition to these state law protections, you should check your employee handbook or other personnel policies for information on time off for voting. Some employers voluntarily adopt policies providing paid leave to cast a ballot.



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