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Long Term Effects: Increased levels of testosterone can lead to Type 2 Diabetes (5)

NCAA Testing Testosterone Testing: --NCAA examines the ratio of testosterone-epitestosterone Normal ratio: 1:1 Too High: 6:1**NCAA will then retest to see if ratio changes-If ratio fluctuates up or down from initial testing, the athlete is positive for synthetic testosterone. -If ratio stays the same, the athlete will be allowed to participate since this indicates natural testosterone.*If caught with a 6:1 ratio: athlete will be suspended from competition for 1 year--Each school has their own rules and regulations pertaining to testosterone abuse. (1)

Adverse Effects of Overdose (9)-Blurred vision-Headache-Seizures-Left Ventricular Hypertrophy-Slurred Speech-Sudden/Severve Inability to Speak-Temporary Blindness-Sudden to Severe Weakness-Acne-Fluid Retention-Increased Urination-Breast Enlargement-Decreased Testicular Size

TestosteroneAnabolic Agent (7)

Healthy Testosterone Levels:Average Adult Male: 270-1070 ng/dLAverage Adult Female: 15-70 ng/dL(2)

Testosterone levels are checked via blood tests

**2014-2015 NCAA BANNED DRUG**(7)

When testing, it is difficult to differentiate between synthetic and natural testosterone (1)

Benefits of Healthy Testosterone Levels: (3) 1) Healthy Heart & Blood2)Less Fat, More Muscle (3,6)3) Stronger Bones4) Improved Libido5) Improved Mood

Chemical Structure (8)--Cholesterol Based --Lipid Soluble--Natural and Synthetic Hormone


Literature Cited1) Farrey, T. Mouse beats cat in NCAA testing. [Internet] El Paso (TX). ESPN 2000 December [cited 2015 March 26]. Availiable from http://espn.go.com/gen/s/2000/1207/929862.html2) Severson, A. Barclay R.S. Testosterone plays an important role in sex drive, energy, and behavior, so a significant change in testoserone levels may be alarming. It is, however, a normal part of aging. [Internet] Healthmedline Team2015, March [cited 2015 March 25] part 3. Availible from http://www.healthline.com/health/low-testosterone/testosterone-levels-by-age#Overview13) Pietrangelo, A. Bigger, Faster, Stronger? 5 benifits of testosterone. [Internet] Healthline 2013 August [cited 2015 April 7] Availible at http://www.healthline.com/health-slideshow/benefits-testosterone#6 4) Wood, R. I. Stanton, S.J. 2012. Testosterone and Sport: Current Perspect. Hormonal Behav. 61(1): 147-155. DOI 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2011.09.0105) Oh, J.Y. Wedick N.M. Barrett-Connor, E. Wingard, D.L. 2002. Endogenous Sex Hormones and the development of type 2 diabetes in older men and women: the rancho bernardo study. diabetes care. 25(1): 55-60. doi 10.2337/diacare.25.1.556) Bhasin, S. Storer, T.W. Berman, N. Callegari, C. Clevenger, B. Phillips, J. Bunnell, T.J. Tricker, R. Shirazi, A. Casaburi, R. 1996. The Effects of Supraphysiologic doses of testoserone on muscle size and strength in normal men. N. Engl. Med. 335:1-7. doi: 10.1056/NEJM199607043350101 7) NCAA. 2014. 2014-15 banned drugs. [Internet] NCAA, 2014 Nov. [cited 26 Mar 2015] Available at http://www.ncaa.org/health-and-safety/policy/2013-14-ncaa-banned-drugs8) Nguyen, D.H. Chemical Structure of Testosterone [Internet] Hearst Seattle Media, LLC. 2015 [cited 4 April 2015]. Available at http://education.seattlepi.com/chemical-structure-testosterone-5775.html9) Drugs.com Testosterone Drug Dosage. Drugs.com 2015 Feb. [cited 8 April 2015] Available at http://www.drugs.com/drug-interactions/testosterone.html.10) Drugs.com Testosterone Side Effects. Drugs.com 2015 Feb. [cited 26 March 2015] Available at http://www.drugs.com/sfx/testosterone-side-effects.html

Benefits ofTestosterone:Can provide physiological and psychological benifits during exercise (4)

Forms of taking testosterone (10)1)Solution2)Gel3)Powder4)Injection5)Patch (ex. arm)6)Ointment7)Cream8) Pill

0.8% of people naturally have a high ratio of 6:1 testosterone-epitestosterone (1)

Breland Prochaska, Megan Fuhrman, Paige Chamberlain


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