Temperate Grasslands

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by Anna6435
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Ecosystems

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Temperate Grasslands

TheTemperateGrasslandBiome!

Locations of Grasslands:Temperate grasslands are located north of the Tropic of Cancer (23.5 degrees North) and south of the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5 degrees South). The major temperate grasslands include the veldts of Africa, the pampas of South America, the steppes of Eurasia, and the plains of North America.

Interesting Facts aboutTemperate Grasslands:1)Twenty-five percent of the Earth is covered by the grassland biome.2)Grasslands are perfect for cropping and pasturing because its soil runs deep and is extremely fertile.3) Grasslands surround every desert in Asia.4) There is only 2% of the oringinal grassland left in the U.S.5) There are only two types of seasons in the grasslands: growing season and the dormat season.

Grassland's climate:Temperate grasslands have hot summers and cold winters. Summer temperatures can be well over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, while winter temperatures can be as low as -40 degrees Fahrenheit. They typically have between 10 and 35 inches of precipitation a year, much of it occurring in the late spring and early summer. Snow often serves as a reservoir of moisture for the beginning of the growing season. Seasonal drought and occasional fires help maintain these grasslands.

Types of Vegetation:Grasses of this area have adapted to cold temperatures, drought, and occasional fires. These grasses have deep, massive root systems that take hold in the soil. This allows the grasses to remain firmly rooted in the ground to reduce erosion and to conserve water. Temperate grassland vegetation can either be short or tall. In areas that receive little precipitation, grasses remain low to the ground. Taller grasses can be found in warmer areas that receive more rainfall. Some examples of vegetation in temperate grasslands include: buffalo grass, cacti, sagebrush, perennial grasses, sunflowers, clovers, and wild indigos .

Yak – Lives in temperate grasslands in high altitudes they are found through the Himalayan region of south central Asia. A yak’s mouth has adapted to grazing a variety of different plants. The thick hair of coat also protects the yak from cold temperatures in this grassland’s cold winter. The yak’s large chests have adapted to low oxygen contents in the mountains. The yak has also learned to use its hooves and horns to break the ice and reach the grass below the ice to eat. Yaks eat grass and twigs of the few trees in the grasslands.

Prairie Dog

Gazelles

Yak

Antelope

Prairie dog – They live in the grassland biome in North America prairie they have adapted to burrowing holes to escape to when being chased by a predator. Their limbs are shorter and the prairie dogs have adapted to having sharp claws or teeth that can dig away dirt easier. This animal has also adapted to pouch like cheeks which he can use to store food in. Prairie dogs mainly eat grass.

Gazelles – Are found in open plains such as grasslands like temperate. Gazelles are found in North Africa through central in the tropical Africa. Gazelles are able to shrink their liver to 30% to conserve water in the grassland. They have also adapted to running at a fast pace to escape from predators in this open grassland without any place to hide. These amazing animals can eat herbs, grass, and shrubbery.

Antelope – Live in savannas and temperate grassland. Antelope eat long grass, and plants that grown in temperate grassland. Antelope have eyes slightly to the side of their heads which serve as an advantage for a better view. This physical adaptation makes sure they can watch for predators. They have strong back legs when they need to reach leaves high in the few trees in the temperate grassland.

Bison – This animal’s habitat is in grasslands. A bison has flat top teeth and a digestive system adapted to eat grass. Basically a bison eats grass and feeds on basically anything it has adapted to eat anything available.

Bison

Some types of vegetation


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