Tariff of 1828

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by ArDee
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History

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Tariff of 1828

John Quincy Adams, the sixth president approved the bill on May 19, 1828. The consent of the bill helped to seal his loss to Andrew Jackson for the 1828 presidential election.

Tariff of 1828or the "Tariff of Abominations"

The purpose was to protect the northern and western agricultural products from competition with foreign imports.

The 1828 tariff was contribution to a collection of tariffs that started after the War of 1812 and the Napoleonic Wars. The blockade of Europe had British manufacturers to offer exports in America at low prices that American manufacturers couldn't been able to equal.

Responding to the tariff, Vice President John C. Calhoun of South Carolina anonymously established the South Carolina Exposition and Protest. The doctrine basically declared the bill unconstitutional, and a right within the state's power to reject federal laws within its borders.

For additional information on the Nullification Crisis and Tariff of 1828

It was problematic because the Northern states benefitted since they manufactured most of their goods, while the South did not.

Calhoun emphasized in the doctrine South Carolina Exposition and Protest:~ Congress cannot extend their constitutional authority.~Congress cannot enact tariffs, not justified by the public.~Therefore the tariff is unconstitutional~The tariff to protect domestic manufacture goes against a “simple, consolidated government”~The tariff was actually to prohibit foreign trade rather than regulate commerce.~ Constitutional power doesn't include protecting manufacture.~Even if the tariff does regulate commerce, the task is too oppressive, an abuse of power

Informational Websiteshttp://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Nullification.htmlhttp://www.teachingushistory.org/lessons/expositionandprotest1828.htmhttp://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Nullification.htmlhttp://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/topics/nullification-crisis-/

After the establishment, Congress passed the Force Act, authorized the use of military force against any state that resisted the tariff acts. In 1833, Henry Clay helped broker a compromise bill with Calhoun to establish the Compromise Tariff, slowly decreased tariffs over the next decade. The Compromise Tariff of 1833 was eventually accepted by South Carolina eventually accepted it and ultimately ended the nullification crisis.

The Nullification Proclamation was set by Andrew Jackson, in late 1832. The proclamation disrupting a state's right to cancel a federal law.

Was apparently caused, after John Qunicy Adam's win in 1824 elections, Jackson supporters planned to sabotage the presidency by pushing Congress for increased tariffs.

Roatanee Dinh Period 1


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