Taoism

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by MrReGlog
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Religious Studies

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Taoism

TAOISM

The eight immortals were supposed to be born in the Tang Dynasty. They frequently appear in Chinese art, literature and myths. Each immortal supposedly have a special symbol or power. The eight immortals include: Li T'ieh-kuai, patron of the sick. Chungli Ch'uan, patron of the military. Lan Ts'ai-ho, patron of florists. Chang Kuo-lao, patron of old men. Ho Hsien-ku, the female. Lu Tung-pin, patron of barbers. Han Hsiang-tzu, patron on musicians. Ts'ao Kuo-ch'iu, patron of actors.

To give something a name is to assign something’s place in the universe. It cannot be done with the Tao though; the Tao pervades and encompasses all. The Tao has no characteristics but it is not nothingness, it is understood as everything. It encompasses both the being and non-being. The whole goal of Taoists is to keep the yin and yang in balance.

This short summary on Daoism introduces us to the main beliefs and the theory of natural balance.

In the eyes of this cultures people death is a simple transition from being to non-being, or in other case from yang to yin. In this Culture people must except life and death as aspects of the Tao. The Tao is a way of life. It’s the mysterious natural order of the universe. Tao Te Ching puts it like this :

The way that can be spoken of Is not the constant Way; The name that can be named Is not the constant Name. The nameless was at the beginning of heaven and earth; The named was the mother of myriad creatures. Hence always rid yourself of desires in order to observe its secrets; But always allow yourself to have desires in order to observe its manifestations. These two are the same But diverge in name as they issue forth. Being the same they are called mysteries, Mystery upon mystery - The gateway of the manifold secrets.

The Yin-Yang symbol was one of the most important things to the people. It represents unity and duality. Yin signifies passive, negative, female, yielding, weak and dark. Yang represents heaven, active, positive, male, strong and light. These principles manifest throughout their nature and human body. This relates to mental physical and spiritual structure. These things can be effected by food, drink, action and inaction.

Daoism has influenced Chinese culture for over 2,000 years. Its practices have given birth to martial arts such as Tai Chi and Qigong. Healthy living such as practicing vegetarianism and exercise. and its texts have codified Chinese views on morality and behavior, regardless of religious affiliation.

Practises included multiple martial arts. The Taoists did Tai Chi to calm down there inner selves to find the balance between Yin and Yang. The people believed they needed this to fit into the religion.

This picture to the right represents what the Taoists would worship in. This temple is called 'The Gong'. Everything is very peaceful inside and talking is at minimal. This place was where people could come and sympathize the immortals.


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