Tanks and Armoured Vehicles

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by mniBeng
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
World War I

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Tanks and Armoured Vehicles

Tanks and Armoured Vehicles

Time Line

1915 |

1916 |

1917 |

1918 |

1919 |

The TankThe First World War tank was developed from the interest of some military officers, with the idea of tractors with caterpillar tracks to make it possible to cross trench obstacles and breaking through barbed wire. At first, it looked more like a warship than a land weapon. The machine was codenamed the “tank” because its hull looked like a water carrier. The first prototypes were done in early 1916, and the first several dozen machines were already at the front by mid-1916.

The Tank EvolvesTanks became much faster, more reliable, and more useful in battle. They was alimited supply of them until very late in the war. Only eight tanks supported the Canadians during the Battle of Vimy Ridge in April 1917.Tanks could not be of help at Passchendaele, because tanks could not operate in the muddy terrain.

Barbed wire and machine-guns stopped many Allied attacks with heavy casualties in 1915 and early 1916. The British turned to armoured vehicles as one way to cross No Man’s Land and break through the enemy trench system.

Test at the Battle of SommeTanks had a huge impact on German morale and were useful in crossing trenches and wire entanglements, but they were unable to break through the German lines. The British commander-in-chief, Sir Douglas Haig, reveal the secret weapon before large numbers of tanks had become readily available.Problems With the TanksThe real problems with the tanks were it's slow speed (They were as slow as a walking soldier), mechanical failures( sometimes, in the middle of battle or elsewhere, tanks would breakdown and stop working), and they were unable to cross soft or heavily cratered ground. They were easily knocked out by artillery fire ( a big weakness with the tank was its armor, it was very thin and weak, so when it was shot at the bullets would either kill whoevers in it or severely damage the tank). On the up side, tanks brought terror, able to roll over barbed wire, and helped provided much needed firepower to the ground troops.

If the war Had continued into 1919, the Allies had planned to launch a massive fleet of several thousand tanks to break enemy lines. The tank was not decisive during the war, but it was an important weapon to the Allied arsenal, especially when used in a combined-arms role with artillery, infantry, machine-guns, mortars, and tactical air power.

Better tactics for coordinating the use of tanks, infantry, artillery, and aircraft marked the Allied offensives of 1918. More tanks were also available during this time period. The new Mark V and Mark V* British tanks led a force of more than 600 armoured vehicles. This was efficient during the first stages of the Battle of Amiens. Direct artillery fire took out many tanks by the third and fourth day, and they stop using them during the remainder of the battle. ( the difference between Mark V and Mark V* is that the Mark V* has two extra machine gun mounts, and a door on both sides of the hull with another machine gun mount).


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