Switzerland Research

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by lchengvichigh
Last updated 5 years ago

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Subject:
World Culture
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Switzerland Research

Famous writer - Johanna Spyri (12 June 1827 – 7 July 1901)Johanna Spyri was a Swiss-born author of children's stories. Her best know is her book "Heidi". It was translated to over 50 languages.

Switzerland and its neutralityAlthough Switzerland is famous for its neutrality today, it did have a military tradition. Around the year 1500, Swiss mercenaries were the most sought after and feared troops in Europe. 1815 was the last time Switzerland had invaded another state, namely France, two weeks after the Battle of Waterloo! The Swiss army had last fought in 1847, during the Sonderbund, a short civil war. Since then, Swiss troops had only twice been mobilized against possible invasion, when threatened by Prussia in 1856-57, and during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870-71.There are some reasons that Switzerland became a neutral country. The most important is that Switzerland is a small country and it is surrounded by much large countries that could threaten it. If it sided with one, it would be invaded by another so declaring neutrality it continued to be the best meant to retain national security.

The SwissThe Swiss (German: die Schweizer, French: les Suisses, Italian: gli Svizzeri, Romansh: ils Svizzers) are citizens or natives of Switzerland. The demonym derives from the toponym of Schwyz and has been in widespread use to refer to the Old Swiss Confederacy since the 16th century.Although the Swiss Confederation, the modern state of Switzerland, originated in 1848, the period of romantic nationalism, it is not a nation-state, and the Swiss are not usually considered to form a single ethnic group, but a confederacy (Eidgenossenschaft) or Willensnation ("nation of will", "nation by choice", that is, a consociational state), a term coined in conscious contrast to "nation" in the conventionally linguistic or ethnic sense of the term.

Swiss artist - Alberto Giacometti (10 October 1901 – 11 January 1966) Alberto Giacometti was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draughtsman and printmaker. He was born in the canton Graubünden's southerly alpine valley Val Bregaglia, a well-known post-Impressionist family. He had his own special style and drew many famous pictures.

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Svizzera

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Four Official Languages: German ; French ; Italian ; Romansh

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Traditional Food: Zürcher Geschnetzeltes Zürcher Geschnetzeltes means Zurich style in German. It is a Swiss dish from the Zurich region. It is mainly made of sliced veal, mushroom and cream. It was originally prepared using meat only, a popular variation today is adding about a fourth of sliced veal kidney to the meat.MethodThe veal is cut into small thin strips. The meat is sautéed quickly in a very hot pan with a little butter and a bit of chopped onion. Then the meat is taken out of the pan and kept warm. White wine is added to the same pan with cream and demiglace and reduced into a sauce. The meat is added to the hot but not boiling reduction. Sliced mushrooms are added. Finally, the dish is garnished with pepper, salt, paprika powder and lemon juice. It is typically served with rösti but is widely enjoyed with spätzle, tagliatelle, rice, or mashed potatoes.

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Predominant religionChristianity is the predominant religion of Switzerland (70.8% of total resident population).The country was historically about evenly balanced between Catholic and Protestant, with a complex patchwork of majorities over most of the country.

Swiss Flags

between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi).

Switzerland is a federal parliamentary republic. The country is situated in Western and Central Europe, where it is bordered by Italy, France, Germany, Austria and Liechtenstein. It is a landlocked country geographically divided

Nowadays, the education system in Switzerland is very diverse, because the constitution of Switzerland delegates the authority for the school system mainly to the cantons. The Swiss constitution sets the foundations, namely that primary school is obligatory for every child and is free in public schools and that the confederation can run or support universities.However, there was also something bad happened to Swiss children about two centuries ago. Thousands of people in Switzerland who were forced into child labor are demanding compensation for their stolen childhoods. Since the 1850s hundreds of thousands of Swiss children were taken from their parents and sent to farms to work - a practice that continued well into the 20th Century.

Swiss children

Traditional Dance in Switzerland

If something has more holes than a Swiss cheese, it is incomplete, and lacks many parts.

Swiss traditional costume - from the canton of Waadt

Challenge to the cultureMany foreigners immigrate to Switzerland these years, so its own culture got a big challenge as other European countries. Switzerland has one of the highest immigration rates on the continent. According to the 2000 census, 22.4 percent of the total population of 7.4 million is foreign born and 20.5 percent, or nearly 1.5 million, are foreigners, defined as persons with a foreign nationality.

Switzerland


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