Swamps & Marshes

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by StephanieMD
Last updated 8 years ago

Environmental Studies

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Swamps & Marshes

Swamps & Marshes

Marshes are similiar to swamps, but instead of trees they are dominated by gresses and reeds. They are Generally rich with life, harboring many kinds of frogs, turtles, fish, and bird life. Plants, duckweeds, lilypads,cattails,bulrushes,reeds,pondweeds Animals, Great blue heron, waterfowl,canada geese,bald eagles, butterflies,grasshopers,beavers, fox,deers,raccoons.


Swamps are forested wetlands. Like marshes, they are often found near rivers or lakes and have mineral soil that drains very slowly. Unlike marshes, they have trees and bushes. They may have water in them for the whole year or for only part of the year. Swamps vary in size and type. Some swamps have soil that is nutrient rich, other swamps have nutrient poor soil. Swamps are often classified by the types of trees that grow in them. Plants in biome:Eastern White Pine,Black Spruce, cypress tree, ButtonWood Bushes, Water Lilies. Animals that surround and live near biome:Raccon,Black Bear, White Tailed Deer,Diamond Back Rattler Snake, Alligator, snapping turtle,Owls, Great Egret,Great Blue Heron.


These plants are herbaceous, shrubs, or trees that have developed a special adaptation that enable them to survive the stressful conditions characteristic of wetlands such as: fluctuations in water levels, permanent saturation with water, decreased oxygen.Some plants have hollowed stems that transport oxygen to the roots. some plants develop adaptations that allow them to tolerate salt water. Some develop salt concentrating glands like fleshly leave.



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