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Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson

STONEWALL JACKSON ( his life as a Cival War Lt.-General ) His real name is Thomas Jonathan Jackson. but he was known as Stonewall Jackson. He was born in what is now the state of West Virginia, in the town of Clarksburg. He was taught well in fine English schools and often known as a smart boy. He was also a briliant sportsmen of his fellow boys, this helped him create that daring spirit which often helped him. In June, 1842 at the age of eighteen, he was given the rank of cadetship. In the academy at West Piont, where commencing with the disadvantages he overcame obstacles by such determination as to rise from year to year. He graduated June 30, 1846, at the age of twenty-two, he was promoted the rank as second-lieutenant at the beginning of the Mexican war. Then he was ordered to report for duty with the First Regular artillery, with which he shared in the many brilliant battles which General Scott fought from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico. He was given the rank of cadetship Jackson's rank of brigadier general at Bull Run near Manassas, Virginia. On April 21, 1861 the VMI (Virginia Military Industry) Corps of Cadets was ordered to Richmond to serve as drillmasters for new army recruits. Jackson was placed in command of the cadets.On April 27, 1861 Gov. John Letcher ordered Colonel Jackson to take command at Harper's Ferry. There Jackson, organized the troops that would soon comprise the famous "Stonewall Brigade" (2nd, 4th, 5th, 27th and 33rd at Virginia Infantry Regiments, and The Rockbridge Artillery, all were from the Shenandoah Valley region of Virginia).In July 1861 he was promoted to Brigadier General, at the 1st battle of Manassas. At the same battle he acquired the legendary nickname Stonewall, when a confederate general Bernard E. Bee said "Look, there stands Jackson like a stone wall." In October 1861 he was promoted to Major General, and was placed in command of the Shenandoah Valley campaign.May and June of 1862 emphasized Jackson's brilliant Shenandoah Valley Campaign, with victories at Front Royal, Winchester, Cross Keys and Port Republic. Following the successful campaign, Jackson was ordered to join Gen. Lee in the Peninsula (Eastern Virginia).Lee reorganized his army into two corps in October 1862, and Jackson was promoted to Lt. General and given command of the new Second Corps. Jackson was now in charge of half of Lee's Army of Northern Virginia.While examining his enamies he was accidently fired upon by his own troops. He was struck by three .57 caliber bullets. He was taken to a field hospital near the battlefield where left arm was amputated. May 10, 1863 Jackson died at 3:15 p.m. His last words were "Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees." May 15, 1863 Jackson's funeral took place in Lexington, Virginia, the town that was Jackson's home during his years as Professor at VMI. FAMILYHis parents were Jonathan Jackson and Julia Beckwith Neale. They were married in September 1817 and had four children: Elizabeth, Warren, Thomas, and Laura Ann. In March 1826 Jackson's sister, Elizabeth, (at age 6) and his father died of typhoid fever. Julia Jackson gave birth to Laura the day after her husband died. Not married at age 28, Julia was left with a lot of debt and the family was very poor. In 1830-1841 Julia Jackson remarried. Her new husband, Blake Woodson, disliked his stepchildren and the family had money problems. A short time after the marriage, Thomas and Laura were sent to live with Jackson relatives in Jackson's Mill Virginia, Warren was sent to Neale relatives. On Dec. 4, 1831, Julia Jackson died as a result of childbirth complications. She left behind the three Jackson siblings and a newborn son (Thomas's half brother), William Wirt Woodson. Jackson and Laura spent the remaining years of childhood with their paternal uncles. Jackson's brother, Warren, died of tuberculosis in 1841. On August 4, 1853 Jackson married Elinor Junkin. Elinor died of giving birth to their son that still survived on Oct. 22, 1854.On July 16, 1857, Jackson married for the second time. His wife was Mary Anna Morrison. IMPORTANCE TO THE WAR Jackson was important because he was a natuaral born leader. He was able to put his experiences together to make solutions for the future. For example, he was often victorious, despite his disavantages, he was often successful. QUESTIONS I WOULD ASK HIM 1. Why did you join the army?2. If you could do one more thing in your life what would it be?3. What does your quote, "Let us cross over the river and rest under the shade of the trees." mean?4. Did you think that you would become a famous Confederate War General? 5.What did you think of the Cival War/slavery?6. How do you feel about all the loses of family members you had? His influence to people He influences us today because we remember his bravery still today and we look up to him as a great leader and a wonderful influence.

"Chancellorsville Potograph" 1863




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