Stonewall Jackson

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by USHistoryI
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
10

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Stonewall Jackson

Stonewall Jackson

Jackson was assigned as colonal and was sent to Harpers Ferry. "There he relinquished command to Joseph E. Johnston and became a brigade commander and brigadier general." (Thomas). General Bernard E. Bee rallied his soldiers by saying "There is Jackson standing like a stone wall." This was at the battle of First Bull Run, and the Confederates pushed back the Union advance. Also, this is where he got his nickname Stonewall Jackson. (Thomas).

Stonewall Jackson, who's real name was Thomas Johnathan Jackson, was born on January 21, 1824. He was born in Clarksburg, West Virginia.His father died in 1826 and his mother died in 1831. His uncle raised him when both his parents died. He attended local schools, then went to the U.S. Military Academy from 1842 until 1846. He graduated in time to join the first Artillery Regiment. He was a brevet second lieutenant in the Mexican War. (Thomas).

Stonewall Jackson married a woman named Elinor Junkin on August 4, 1853. She was from Lexington Virginia. She sadly died during childbirth, the baby dying also, in October of 1854.(Thomas).

Jackson became a major general in October of 1861. Then in November, he received command of the Shenandoah Valley district of Virginia.They say that Stonewall Jackson was a "masterful military strategist." (Thomas). He campaigned by being aggressive, and he moved quickly. He was made a hero to the Confederates because of his victories. He is considered to be among America's greatest generals. (Thomas).

-Stonewall was a very religious man. -He wrote a very detailed letter about the hanging of John Brown to a woman.-Jackson wrote a letter to his sister whos name was Laura, asking about the political feeling in Beverly. Like most of Western Virginia, Beverly was very strongly pro-Union. So was Jackson.-Jackson said to his sister in the letter: “I am strong for the Union at present and if things become no worse I hope to continue so. I think that the majority of the county are for the Union, but in counties bordering on us there is a strong secession feeling.” (Farwell, Byron).

Stonewall Jackson died on May 10, 1863 in Guinea Station, Virginia. (Thomas). He was wounded by one of his own men while in the Battle of Chancellorville. He was shot in the arm, and his left arm was amputated. At first it was said that it seemed that he would recover, he got phneumonia and a week later died. (Stonewall).


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