Stephen Krashen

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by lizzay2
Last updated 6 years ago

Language Arts
English Language Learners ELL, ESL EFL

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Stephen Krashen

Stephen Krashen

Emeritus Stephen Kreshen studied in the field of linguistics at the University of Southern California where he specialized in the study of second language acquisition. Krashen believes that there is no difference in the way we learn our first language and any other language after."Acquisition requires meaningful interaction in the target language - natural communication - in which speakers are concerned not with the form of their utterances but with the messages they are conveying and understanding." - Stephen Krashen


~Acquisition-Learning hypothesis~Monitor hypothesis~Natural Order hypothesis~Input hypothesis~Affective Filter hypothesis

Acquisition is the product of a subconsious process where many learn by simply "picking-up" the language in their daily lives. Learning is a conscious process where developing a foreign laguage is learned through lessons and grammer rules.



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5 Hypothesis

Second Language Acquisition


Affective Filter

Natural Order

This hypothesis explains how acquisition and learning is used and it allows us to use what we have learned about the rules of language in order to monitor our language output.

Krashen believes learners acquire parts of language in a predictable order. Certain grammatical structures are learned early and others are learned later in the process.

Language is acquired by being exposed to input that is comprehensible to us.

Motivation, self-confidence, and good self image help learners become better equipped for acquiring second language acquisition. Low motivation, low self esteem, and anxiety can rise the affective filter and prevent comprehensible input from being used for acquisition.


On Language Acquisition

On Comprehensible Input

The Natural Approach


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