STD Prevention

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by Princess120981
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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STD Prevention

CONDOMSUse condoms and dental dams consistently and correctly. Use a new latex condom or dental dam for each sex act, whether oral, vaginal or anal. Never use an oil-based lubricant, such as petroleum jelly, with a latex condom or dental dam. Keep in mind that while condoms reduce your risk of exposure to most STIs, they provide a lesser degree of protection for STIs involving exposed genital sores, such as human papillomavirus (HPV) or herpes. Also, nonbarrier forms of contraception, such as oral contraceptives or intrauterine devices, don't protect against STIs.

STD PREVENTION

MONOGAMYAnother reliable way of avoiding STIs is to stay in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who isn't infected.

GET VACCINATED Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is also effective in preventing certain types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent two viral STIs that can cause cancer — human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A and hepatitis B. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends the HPV vaccine for girls and boys ages 11 and 12. If not fully vaccinated at ages 11 and 12, the CDC recommends that girls and women through age 26 and boys and men through age 26 receive the vaccine. The hepatitis B vaccine is usually given to newborns.

ALCOHOLDon't drink alcohol excessively or use drugs. If you're under the influence, you're more likely to take sexual risks.

WAIT...Wait and verify. Avoid vaginal and anal intercourse with new partners until you have both been tested for STIs. Oral sex is less risky, but use a latex condom or dental dam — a thin, square piece of rubber made with latex or silicone — to prevent direct contact between the oral and genital mucous membranes. Keep in mind that human papillomavirus (HPV) screening isn't available for men, so you may not be aware you're infected until you have symptoms. It's also possible to be infected with an STI yet still test negative.

ABSTINENCEThe most effective way to avoid STIs is to abstain from sex.


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