St Pierre Colony

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by carwe20
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Social Studies

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St Pierre Colony

Who founded St Pierre? (scroll for more)Basque Norman, Breton and Norman wanted to seek land that was better for fisherman so they set off on a journey to colonize St Pierre.

What? (sroll for more)Colonists came to St Pierre because they were known for curing and drying fish with over 200 workers in the fishing community. There were feuds between locals and French colonists over the shoreline to access fish (cod) and trade related matters. Soon after, however, St Pierre gave up fishing in favor of storing liquor as it was more lucrative and brought economic success. It became the de Facto hub for stealing and hiding liquor into North America. After Prohibition ended (liquor was prohibited in the USA) in 1933, their economy faltered and were forced to go back to fishing. There were also disputes between Canada and France on whose territory St. Pierre belonged to. Because these islands geographically fits more into Canada's boundaries, it was decieving on who should own them. France and Cananda finally agreed on an Econominc Zone that gave France access to these islands without crossing the Canadian border. There were also many battles with Britain for territory.

St. Pierre Colony

When?St Pierre was colonized by France in 1604. However, the French and British fought over whose power St Pierre belonged to. It never seemed to be settled. St Pierre was taken by the Birtish in 1713, returned to France in 1763, retaken by the British twice and finally returned in 1814 to France.

Where?The St Pierre colony was located off of the St. pierre coast just below Newfoundland and just West of Canada. it is a string of islands off of France - 4,000 kilometers from mainland France. Today, it is still under French control. St. Pierre is the last footland of France in the Atlantic and is the only island in the string of islands that is inhabited other than Miquelon.

Why? (scroll for more)French settlers decided on St Pierre as a place to colonize for multiple reasons. The first being because that it had a great geographical position because it was important in the early cartogrpahy. For example, it was along the Southern Coast of Newfoundland which possesed a lot of resources. It also was a natural harbor and the finest deepwater docking area. It was able to handle large boats without man made modifications. It also was known for fishing which helped the economic growth of St Pierre.

How did they travel to St Pierre?- A ship piloted by Basque sailor Martin de Hoyarçabal's

Connection With Others (scroll for more):The St. Pierre colony was not only affialiated with France, but also with England and other countries. In fact, the Birtish took over the colony three times! Also, there was war and disputes over who owned the land. In addition, France had arguments with Canada over whose territory St Pierre belonged too.  Finally, they were a part of the Prohibtion (ban of alcohol) with the U.S. and kept alcohol in St Pierre.

Fishing in St Pierre

St Pierre and natural Harbor in background

Interaction with Native People:While the Battle of St Pierre was happening, local citizens of Canada were in favor of the Americans. There were also feuds between locals and French colonists over the shoreline to access fish (cod) and trade related matters.

Work Cited (scroll for more):"Saint Pierre and Miquelon." The Columbia Electronic     Encyclopedia™, Columbia University Press, 2019. Gale            In Context:  Middle School,     u=multesd&sid=MSIC&xid=5eb85d03. Accessed 13 Oct.     2019. "Saint Pierre." The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™,     Columbia University Press, 2019. Gale In Context:     Middle School,     6/MSICu=multesd&sid=MSIC&xid=0a4dede7. Accessed 13 Oct. 2019. Grand Columbier. "An English History of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon." Histoire des îles St Pierre et Miquelon, 2 Jan. 2013, Kaushik. " St. Pierre and Miquelon: The Last French Colony in North America." Amusing Planet, 12 May 2017, Presser, Brandon. "France’s Most Dramatic Little Secret: The Amazing History of St-Pierre & Miquelon." Daily Beast, 10 Aug. 2017,

How does global expansion lead to conflicts over power? (scroll for more)Global expansion leads to conflict over pwoer for multile reasons. For example, when the French wanted to expand their regime into St Pierre there were conflicts between the British and French over whose territory St Pierre belonged. The power went back and forth from the British to the French. St Pierre also lost economic power because after Prohibtion ended they no longer needed to store alchohol for the United States. Therefore, the French lost power. I infer that they were conflictd with the United States beccuae they could no longer get money from them.

Questions Answered (scroll for more):1. Why did they choose this location?2. How did the colonists conflict with others?3. How did the settlers survive off of their resources they had?4. how did they interact with the native tribes in St Pierre?4. Do you believe St Pierre was worth the effort to colonize? Why or Why not?

Debatable Question Answered (scroll for more):Do you believe St Pierre was worth the effort to colonize? Why or Why not?I think St Pierre was not worth colonizing. First of all, all the French set off to do was gain economic success from fishing. They didn’t know that they were going to be able to take part in hiding alcohol for the United States. They also had to experience many fights with the British over several years as well as Canada. These costs were all for a small island only made to gain economic success from fishing.


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