Sri Lanka Water Supply and Pollution

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by Geol324Project
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Geostudies

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Sri Lanka Water Supply and Pollution

Global Water Partnership has partnered with the Sri Lankan government to enhance the access to clean drinking water and proper consumptive estimates. Unilever Company has produced water purifying machines that allow clean water access to people.

IMPACT

...'as safe as boiled water'... "device that was not powered by gas or electricity."

General InformationCoordinates:7.0000° N, 81.0000° ELocation: South of India in the Indian OceanClimate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural):total: 12.95 cu km/yr (6%/6%/87%)per capita: 638.8 cu m/yr (2005) Agriculture - products:rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, spices, vegetables, fruit, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides,beef; fishIndustries:processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco; telecommunications, insurance, banking; tourism, shipping; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining, information technology services, constructionPopulation:21,866,445 (July 2014 est.)Population Growth Rate: 0.86% (2014 est.)

Project Presentation:Sri Lankan Water Supply and Pollution by Chelsea Herman and Sheri Phen

Increase in population causes higher consumption of water. With more people, comes more jobs, thus industies and farms are being built at an increasing rate. Most industries are located in highly populated communities and dump hazardous materials into clean water supplies causing sickness and degradation of water quality.Heavy use of pesticides and fertilizers runoff into drinking water.

REFERENCESSee Attachments

- Increase in industries and farms being developed.- Shortage of freshwater because most is contaminated. - Disease and sickness increases threating population growth.

FUTURE PROBLEMS

Local: Gampula - 300,000 people infected with hepatitis from contaminated drinking waterRegional: With runoffs from factories into rivers, the food chain is being affected in the rivers, especially the fish. Exposure to contaminants in the fish and other plants near the rivers, is causing kidneys to fail for no physiological reason. Global: Contaminated water supply increases the probability of vector born and water born diseases. Since Sri lanka is roughly 19 miles from India’s southern tip, travel is frequent between the countries. India having 1 billion people, the spread of disease is imminent.

ISSUE/PROBLEM

ABSTRACTSee Attachments

MITIGATIONNOW AND FUTURE


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