[2014] Suzan Manasreh: Sps 4, 5, 6

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by mikeeby
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Chemistry

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[2014] Suzan Manasreh: Sps 4, 5, 6

Periodic TableMetals have a few valence elctrons so they tend to lose their valence elctrons and from positive ions. Nonmetals have a lot of valence electrons therefore they tend to gain electrons and from negative ions. Valence electrons are the electrons is the outermost shell and participate in the formation of bonds. In the first sheel there are 2 electrons, in the second shell there are 8 electrons, and in the third shell there are 16 electrons

SPS4, 5, AND 6

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High temp: Gas particles are spread outLow temp: Gas particles are close togetherHigh pressure and low volume: Gas particles are close together because they have less roomLow pressure and high volume: Gas particles are more spread out because they have more room

Solute: in a solution, the substance that dissolves in the solventSolvent: in a solution, the substance in which the solute dissolvesConduction: the transfer of energy as heat through a materialConcentration: the amount of a particular substance in a given quantity of a mixture, solution, or ore

The solubility, concentration, and temp. of a solvent affects the rate at which a solute can dissolve in a solvent

Solutions

Solubility

Gas Behavior

Phases of Elements

Location of Metals

Atomic structure

Molecular structure

Acids & Bases

An acid is a compound that increases the number of hydronium ions in a solution. Acids taste sour, turn blue litmus paper red, react with metals to produce hydrogen gas, and may conduct an electric current when in solution. Bases are aslo compund but they increase the nuber of hydroxide ions. Bases taste bitter, feel slippery, and turn red litmus paper blue. Most solutions of bases conduct an electric current.

Acids & Bases


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