Sprains and Strains

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by mirandaO12
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
12

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Sprains and Strains

Sprains and Strains

Long Term Effects

Definition/Description

Common Causes

Prevention Methods

Treatment

A sprain is an injury to a ligament, one of the bands of tough, fibrous tissue that connects two or more bones at a joint and prevents excessive movement of the joint.A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon. A muscle is a tissue composed of bundles of specialized cells that, when stimulated by nerve messages, contract and produce movement.

Rest the injured area. If the ankle or knee is hurt, the doctor might tell you to use crutches or a cane.Put ice on the injury for 20 minutes at a time. The doctor might say to do this 4 to 8 times a day.Compress (squeeze) the injury using special bandages, casts, boots, or splints. Your doctor will tell you which one is best for you and how tight it should be.Put the injured ankle, knee, elbow, or wrist up on a pillow.The doctor may recommend taking medicines, such as aspirin or ibuprofen.

Avoid exercising or playing sports when tired or in pain.Eat a well-balanced diet to keep muscles strong.Maintain a healthy weight.Try to avoid falling (for example, put sand or salt on icy spots on your front steps or sidewalks).Wear shoes that fit well.Get new shoes if the heel wears down on one side.Exercise every day.Be in proper physical condition to play a sport.Warm up and stretch before playing a sport.Wear protective equipment when playing.Run on flat surfaces.

Sprain: Fall and land on an armFall on the side of their footTwist a knee.Strain: A recent injuryLifting heavy objects the wrong wayOverstressing the muscles.

Kobe BryantKobe Bryant NBA star had a severe ankle injury, confirmed to be a sprain back in March 2013. The sprain occured by a misstep from Bryant on another player, twisting Bryants ankle.

Some sprains and strains get better on their own with self-care measures and rest. Mild sprains and strains – such as an ankle sprain or hamstring strain – can get better after three to six weeks of rehabilitation. Moderate injuries may take two to three months. More severe sprain and strains can take several months to a year to heal. These rough estimates vary because recovery time depends on many factors, including the location and severity of the injury. If you return to full activity before regaining normal range of motion, flexibility and strength, you can increase your chances of re-injury and developing a chronic problem.

Example

http://nba.si.com/2013/03/14/kobe-bryant-ankle-injury-dahntay-jones-lakers-playoffs-hawkshttp:/www.mayoclinic.com/health/sprains-and-strains/DS00343/DSECTION=preventionhttp://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000042.htmhttp://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Sports_Injuries/child_sports_injuries.asphttp://www.stopsportsinjuries.org/sports-injury-prevention/issue-specific-resources.aspx


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