Spina Bifida

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by Maris447
Last updated 6 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida

a birth defect that involves the incomplete development of the spinal cord.


Both sides of the embryo fail to conjoin

3 types occultameningocelemyelomeningocele

Nicolaes Tulp (1593-1674)


most commonly occurs at the lumbar vertebrae

(split spine)


Symptoms:Learning disabilitiesADHDBladder & bowel controlLoss of sensation in skinParalysis of lower limbs

Signs:The first sign will occur at the end of the first month of pregnancy (21-28 days)

Health Issues:ObesityScoliosisSeizuresTendonitisLatex Allergy

Treatments:Antibioticsto prevent infectionShuntsif they have hypecephalusSurgeryNeurosurgeons and orthopedic doctors perform to push the spine back into the vertebrae and closes the holes to prevent infection and helps protect the spine

Life Expectancy:Technology today has led a higher percentage of life expectancy with patients who has spina bifida. In 2001, 75% of patients were alive when they reached young adulthood.Now, 90% of patients can reach up to 30 years of life


The decrease is most likely for the intro of prenatal diagnosis and increased folic acid intake

$532,000 is the average total lifetime cost to an infant born

The cause of spina bifida is unknown. Some think it's genetic and other people do not. Spina bifida is an autosomal recessive trait.


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