Spina Bifida

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by LizSchmaltz
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida Glog

Lucile Packard Children's Hospital (2013). Spina Bifida: What is Spina Bifida? Retrieved from: http://www.lpch.org/DiseaseHealthInfo/HealthLibrary/neuro/spibif.htmlSpina Bifida Association (2012). What is Spina Bifida? Retrieved from: http://www.spinabifidaassociation.org/site/c.evKRI7OXIoJ8H/b.8277225/k.5A79/What_is_Spina_Bifida.htm

Children with Spina Bifida

References

"Spina Bifida literally means “split spine.” Spina Bifida happens when a baby is in the womb and the spinal column does not close all of the way. Every day, about eight babies born in the United States have Spina Bifida or a similar birth defect of the brain and spine" (SBA, 2012).

"What can you do to prevent Spina Bifida?Women who are old enough to have babies should take folic acid before and during the first three months of pregnancy. Because half of the pregnancies in the United States are unplanned, the Spina Bifida Association asks women to take a vitamin with 400 mcg (0.4 mg) of folic acid each day during the years of their lives when they are possibly able to have children.Women who have a child or sibling with Spina Bifida, have had an affected pregnancy or have Spina Bifida themselves should take 4000 mcg (4.0 mg) of folic acid for one to three months before and during the first three months of pregnancy" (SBA, 2012).

Three tests can detect Spina Bifida1) Blood Test - between 16 & 18th weeks of pregancy2) Ultrasound - sonogram of fetus may show opening of spine3) Maternal Amniocentesis - protein levels are assessed

Types of Spina Bifida

Spina Bifida Occulta - mild form. failure of back bones to form. spinal cord still inside body. dimple may be present.Meningocele - moderate form. fluid-filled sac is visible but spinal cords are not contained in this sac.Myelomeningocele - severe form. spinal cord and nerves are contained within the sac and majority of babies will also have hydrocephalus. (LPCHS, 2013).


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