Special Education Timeline

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Special Education Timeline

History of Special Education

A brief history of the transformation of Special Education

Time Line


Plessy v. Ferguson

In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled that "racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment." (PBS.org)

President Lydon B. Johnson signed this law to ensure that the proper resources are available to disadvantaged students. It provides equal access to education, and finally held schools accountable for their actions. This law would later become known as the No Child Left Behind Act.

"The Plessy decision set the precedent that 'seperate' facilities for blacks and whites were constitutional as long as they were 'equal'" (PBS.org) This case eventually helped pave the way for cases against the Board of Education and the unfair treatment of students with disabilities.


Brown v. Board of Education


Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)


Education gets reformed

2000s changes and the future of Special Education

Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children v. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (PARC) 1972Students with mental disabilities were being denied constitutional rights to an equal education. This helped special education by giving students with this disability the same access to education as their peers. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act 1973This is the first civil rights statute for people with disabilities. This law states that students with disabilities are entitled to a free, appropriate education in the least restrictive environment. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1990This also helped to provide students with disabilities the access to free public education along with their peers. This is a law that helps these students from being discriminated against.

Mills v. Board of Education of District of Columbia 1972This case challenged that disabled students were being excluded from schools. This helped establish due process procedures for students with disabilities and helped gain recognition for special education.

Works Cited: 1.GreatSchools,. What Is Special Education?. 2014. Web. 12 May. 2014.2.Nichcy.org,. 'Disability & Education Laws — National Dissemination Center For Children With Disabilities'. N. p., 2014. Web. 13 May. 2014.3.PBS,. Brown V. Board Of Education. 2014. Web. 12 May. 2014.4.Pbs.org,. 'The Rise And Fall Of Jim Crow . Jim Crow Stories . Plessy V. Ferguson | PBS'. N. p., 2014. Web. 13 May. 2014.5.Sullo, Robert A. ASCD Education Collection. 1st ed. Alexandria, Va.: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2008. Print.6.Images courtesy of Google Images

No Child Left Behind 2001Originally known as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, this helps to promote success for all students, including students with disabilities. This act underwent changes in 2004 stating that all educators must be highly qualified to teach.IDEA 2004This helped districts promote RTI programs and properly identify students with disabilities. President Obama NCLB 2012This allowed for some states to request waivers for more flexibility in meeting the requirements for special needs students. The Future of Special EducationTheir are more special education acts being worked on at the moment, and more laws being set in place to help students with disabilities get the education they deserve. Laws are already in place to ensure they get the high level of education warranted to them.

2000s and Beyond


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