Spanish Influenza

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by bio11project
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health
Grade:
11

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Spanish Influenza

-Also known as La Grippe -Involves the influenza virus, H1N1. -Occured from 1918 to 1920(after World War 1) -Killed more people than the war, (between 50 to 100 million people.) -Was known as one of the deadliest and most devastating epidemic in human history. -The influenza predominantly killed healthy young adults. -Believed that the disease’s effect to the body is causing an overreaction of the body’s immune system. -The stronger the immune system is, the easier the body will get ravaged. -People with weaker immune systems will likely survive.

Epidemiology

-Extreme headaches, fever, fatigue, turn blue -Sometimes the blue colour became so pronounced, it was hard to determine the patients original skin colour. -Patients would cough so hard that they would tear their muscles. -Foamy blood coming out of mouths, ears and noses. -Some vomited and others became incompetent. -Victims were struck so severely by the sickness that they died within hours of coming down with their first symptoms.

-The disease reached Spain from France, shortly after the First World War, as many people went over there for work.-The amount of deaths in Spain was 186,174.-45% of these were in October of 1918 alone.-The disease spread all over the United States and Central America.-Infected nearly 28% of all American living at that time, killing 675,000 of them.-Worldwide, the Spanish Influenza infected 500 million people-Massacred 50-100 million of them (about 3-5% of the world’s population at that time).

Treatment/Prevention

Transmission

-Can mutate into a virus that we are not immune to. -Can cause another world wide epidemic.

Background

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Symptoms

SPANISH INFLUENZA

Causative Agent

-Causative agent is what causes the disease-Spanish flu was happened because of cytosine storms-Cytosine are any of a number of substances which are made by certain cells of the immune system and have an effect on other cells.- A Cytosine Storm is a possible fatal immune reaction between cytosines and immune cells-Spanish flu caused by overreaction of the immune system.

-Influenza strain deloped 2 mutations in a surface molecule. (Hemagglutinin)- binded tightly with receptors-found on the surface of a cell, selectively attaches a substance.) in the human resiratory system. -*Flu viruses can only attach to human respratory cells if they match the shape of the sugar receptor. -The virus matched the sugar receptor, resulting in viral transmittion. (Direct contact, Indirect Contact) -Spread throughout society as people and goods moved along trade routes.

How It Relates to Our Lives


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