Spanish Conquest

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by alexthetank
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
American History
Grade:
6

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Spanish Conquest

Montezuma

The Spanish Conquest To Mexico

Spanish Invasion in Tenochtitlan

Montezuma was the ruler of the Aztecs at the time of the Spanish Conquest in Mexico. He was assumed to be about forty years old at the time of the invasion. Montezuma first heard of coming of the White Men in 1517, at the time of a previous expedition. From that point on he had spies posted to report on every event. Soon after Cortes landed his forces at Veracruz, Montezuma sent an ambassador bearing gifts, asking that the Spanish leave his kingdom. The gifts were so richly covered with gold that they served the opposite purpose, and made the Spaniards want to stay because they wanted more gold and riches. After all, that is what they came for. It is wierd that the Aztecs didn't send an arm to meet Cortes because the aztec warriors were feared throughout Mexico, but Montezuma didn't do that because he believed that Cortes was the god Quetzalcoatl, so he treated him nicely. He let Cortes stay in Tenochtitlan. But over the next few months Cortes wasn't as nice as the Aztecs expected, Montezuma was used and imprisoned by the Spanish as the conquest progressed. He died in 1520 but no one knows for certain how.

Hernan Cortes

Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) was a Spanish conquistador, responsible for the audacious conquest of the Aztec Empire in Central Mexico in 1519. With a force of 600 Spanish soldiers he was able to conquer the Aztecs empire that had tens of thousands of warriors. He did it through a combination of ruthlessness, guile, violence and luck. He was ruthless in attacking the Aztecs and conquering them while they were weak. He showed guile when he got the Aztecs to let him in and stay in Tenochtitlan. When he then went on to capture Montezuma and weaken the Aztecs. Also he was smart to get neighboring tribes to help because the Aztecs were powerful and not defeated easily. He got lucky when the Aztecs thought he was a god and they gave him gold and riches that only made him want to conquer the Aztecs more so he could get that gold and other expensive, hard to get things. He ended up dying in 1547, after he conquered the Aztecs, by pleurisy. Today his body lies in Mexico City, Mexico where Tenochtitlan used to be, and where he conquered the Aztecs.

Montezuma

Spanish Invasion in Tenochtitlan

Hernan Cortes

The reason that the Spanish conquistadors went to Mexico is that they were in search of gold and other riches and materials, and the Aztecs had all those things that they wanted. So the Spanish attacked so they could get the gold, riches, and materials for themselves and for their families back home. The Spanish had no prospects of prosperity back in Spain and they were traveling over seas to accomplish that. Also, the Spanish came to convert other people to Christianity that weren't already converted. They brought priests and friers with them to help achieve that. The Spnaish didn't know that the Aztecs were in Mexico when they sailed across the seas. They didn't plan on conquering them until they were in Mexico and they knew who the Aztecs were. People also saw it as an opportunity for new knowledge, fame, and glory.


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