Space Timeline

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Space Timeline

By Connor 5/6A

Space Timeline

20th July 1969 – First man landed on the moonNeil Armstrong, Mike Collins and Buzz Aldrin were astronauts’ on Apollo Mission 11. Armstrong and Aldrin were the first men on the moon while Mike orbited the moon and took pictures. Armstrong was the commander of Apollo Mission 11 he was first to lay foot on the moon. They walked around for three hours. While on the moon they collected bits of moon dirt and rocks, conducted experiments and left a US flag and a sign

On January 28th 1986, tragedy struck. Space Shuttle Challenger exploded shortly after launch, because of a fuel system failure. All seven astronauts on board were killed, and all shuttles were grounded for nearly three years.

1998 – International Space StationThe international Space Station is a large spacecraft that orbits the Earth and is used as a science lab and for Astronauts to live in. In 1998 Russia launched the first piece of the spacestation and then more pieces were added. The spacestation was then ready for people with the first crew arriving in October 2000. It has taken a lot of countries to build it and a lot of countries work together to use it. The spacestation is large with five bedrooms, two bathrooms and even a gymnasium, it is big enough to fill a football field.

June 21st, 2004, SpaceShipOne made the first ever privately funded manned space flight. A private aviation firm built a space plane to have the opportunity to win a 10 million dollar prize. Virgin Galactic, a new Airline, has been set up to offer private tourist flights into space, They will be using a new version of this space plane. Despite a terrible crash in testing in 2014 in which a pilot was tragically killed, tickets remain available for flights starting around 2015.

1st February 1959 – Luna MissonThe Luna program was a very long running program and the purpose of it was to collect information about the moon and it’s environment. The program ran from 1959 until 1976. The Luna Program had may ups and downs but it also was successful in a number of firsts. For example the first flyby of the Moon, the first impact on the Moon, the first photographs of the farside, the first soft landing, the first lunar satellite, the first analysis of lunar soil, the first sample return, and the first lunar rover deployment.

14th June, 1949 – Monkey goes to spaceAlbert II, a Rhesus monkey (originally from Asia)was the first monkey in space. He flew in a specially adapted American V2 rocket, that flew to a height of 83 miles from earth

Galileo Galilei - 15th of February 1564, he died on the 8th of January 1642.Galileo was an Italian Scientist who helped people of the world to change the way they looked at our solar system and astronomy. Galileo was an astronomer, physicist, mathematician, philosopher and inventor. He invented telescopes, compass and thermometers. With his telescope he was able to observe the skies in ways that had not been done before. In 1610 he observed four objects surrounding Jupiter. These four objects turned out to be Jupiters four largest moons: lo, Callisto, Europa and Ganymede. These moons were later renamed in Galileo’s honour and now a days are known as the Gailean satellites.

4th July 1997 – First Mars Rover SojournerSojourner was launched by Nasa’s Mars Pathfinder Spacecraft. The Mars Rover was a small mobile laboratory that travelled 100m and conducted experiments including measuring the chemical composition of rocks.

23rd March 1965 – Launch of first crewed Gemini FlightIt took 20 months to build the Gemini lll which would take a crew into space. The spacecraft carried astronauts Gus Grissom and John W Young on three orbits of the Earth. This two man mission showed that astronauts could change their capsules orbit and remain in space for two weeks and work outside of their spacecraft. They learnt essential skills which would allow them to land on the moon and return safely to Earth.

12th April 1961Russian Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space by travelling on the first manned space flight. Gagarin's spacecraft was named Vostok 1. It completed one orbit of the earth, and landed about two hours after launch. Gagarin had to get out and land using his parachute, because the Vostok 1 was designed to crash land!

July 1950 – First Rocket launchIn July 1950 in Cape Canaveral, the rocket Bumper 2 was launched. This rocket was able to reach altitudes of 250 miles. Bumper 2 was used for testing rocket systems and for the research of the upper atmosphere.

November 1957, Dog orbits the Earth Russian space dog Laika became the first animal to orbit the earth. He travelled in a spacecraft known as Sputnik 2. Laika’s mission helped scientists understand whether people could survive in space.

NASA – National Aeronautics and Space AdministrationNASA was built in 1958 to be a leading force in scientific research and to gain the interest of the people in aerospace exploration, as well as science and technology in general. NASA has a lot of locations but their main headquarters are in Washington. Nasa’s vision is: To reach for new heights and reveal the unknown so that what we do and learn will benefit all humankind. For more than fifty years thousands of people have been working hard on and off the world to answer the basic questions of, What’s out there in space?, How do we get there?, What will we find? What can we learn there? Or learn by just trying to get there.

December 1972Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt spent 74hours 59 minutes and 40 seconds being the longest manned mission on the moon. On the 12th Dec Cernan who was a US geologist spent 7 hours 37minutes on the moon and covered 20.4km and took extensive samples. This was the last manned moon mission.

Space is everything in the universe that lies outside the earths atmosphere.

June 2015Every 26 months a Mars solar conjunction occurs, this is going to happen this month. A Mars Solar conjunction is when Mars passes directly behind the Sun from the Earth’s perspective. When this occurs the Sun disrupts the radio communications between the planets. To stop the Spacecraft at Mars receiving interrupted and even harmful commands the Mars orbiters and rovers temporarily stop sending the commands.

Bibliography Science Library – Space by John Farndon and Consultant Sue Beckdale Guinness World Records 2015



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