Southwest Asia Physical Geography Features

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography
Grade:
7

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Southwest Asia Physical Geography Features

Southwest Asia Physical Geography Features

Oil Field-A piece of land used for extracting oil from the ground. There are more than 40,000 oil fields around the world, but many of the largest are locating in the Middle East.

Rub al-Khali-The Rub al-Khali is a very vast desert in the south region on the Arabian Peninsula. It covers about 250,000 square miles (650,000 square km) in a basin lying mainly in southeast Saudi Arabia. It takes up more than one quarter of Saudi Arabia. It is the largest area of continuous sand in the world.

Persian Gulf-The Persian Gulf is a marginal sea of the Indian Ocean that is between the Arabian Peninsula and southwest Iran. It is bordered on the north, northeast, and east by Iran as well. The sea has an area of approximately 93,000 square miles (241,000 square km).

Suez Canal-The Suez Canal which is located in Egypt is a 101 mile (163 km) long canal that joins the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. It opened in the November of 1869.

Tigris River-The Tigris River begins in Turkey, and runs 1,850 kilometers before connecting with the Euphrates River to then create the Shatt al-Arab which then empties in to the Persian Gulf. The Tigris forms the northwestern Turkish-Syrian border before lining the north-south length of Iraq. The river has also been dammed heavily like the Euphrates to create hydroelectricity.

Euphrates River-The Euphrates River is the longest river in southwest Asia, it is around 1,740 miles (2,800 km) long. It is one of the two main components of the Tigris-Euphrates rivers system. The river begins in Turkey and flows across Syria and through Iraq. Turkey has placed many dams on this river to create hydroelectricity.

Jordan River-The Jordan River marks the frontier between Israel and Jordan while flowing southward before empting into the Dead Sea at an elevation of about 1,312 feet (400 meters) below sea level. This makes the Jordan River the river with the lowest elevation in the world.

SourcesGoogle imageshttp://www.britannica.com/http://study.com/http://geography.about.com/http://www.investopedia.com/http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/

Dead Sea-The Dead Sea is a landlocked salt lake in between Israel and Jordan. It lies 1,300 feet (400 meters) below sea level which is the lowest elevation and the lowest body of water on Earth!

Bedouins in the Rub al Khali-Arabic speaking nomadic people in the Rub al Khali.

Desalination Plant-A plant, or factory, where salt is taking out of salt water in order to make the water fit for drinking and irrigation.


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