Southeast Asia

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Southeast Asia

Southeast Asia

GEOGRAPHYThe geographical region of Southeast Asia includes the mainland peninsula to the east of India and the islands directly south of China.

ECONOMICSMost of the people in Southeast Asia make their living through agriculture. Rice is the number one product, but maize, sugarcane, and pineapples are also grown. Bamboo is used for shelter and also sold for a profit.

The Irrawaddy River is a major geographical feature of Myanmar. It provides water for rice farming and also for transportation of goods to the Indian Ocean.

This region includes many mountains with narrow river valleys. Volcanoes along the Ring of Fire created many of the islands. The climate varies from tropical wet and dry to humid subtropical.

CULTURE Most of the people in Southeast Asia live on farms or in densely populated cities. Many Indonesians are Muslim, but other religions practiced in the region are Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity.

HISTORYMost countries in Southeast Asia were once European colonies. The only country that was never under colonial rule was Thailand.

European rulers built roads, ports, and railroads, and started schools. But by the mid 1900s, most Southeast Asian countries wanted their independence.

GOVERNMENTToday, nearly all of the countries in Southeast Asia are independent democracies. However, Vietnam and Laos are under communist rule, and Myanmar is run by the military.

The cultures of many Southeast Asian countries were influenced by India and China. Indian traders sailed across the Indian Ocean and Chinese conquerors moved south into Vietnam and ruled for over 1000 years.

BIBLIOGRAPHY"Irrawaddy River at sunset." Image. Corel. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 29 Apr. 2011. Jacobs, Heidi Hayes., and Michal L. LeVasseur. Prentice Hall World Studies: Geography, History, Culture. Boston, MA: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2008. Print."Myanmarese rice field." Image. World Geography: Understanding a Changing World. ABC-CLIO, 2011. Web. 29 Apr. 2011. Neher, Clark D. "Southeast Asia." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 29 Apr. 2011.Temple, Frederick T. "Southeast Asia." World Book Student. World Book, 2011. Web. 29 Apr. 2011.


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